The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. An arborist can help you identify the problem and determine the best course to treat it. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Also known as a black tupelo or sourgum, this slow-growing tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime (Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), This article … There are several fungi that cause this disease, according to the University of California. Black Gum, Sour Gum, Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica. You know fall foliage is on the way when you see the brilliant red leaves of the black gum. Similar to verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum) can cause leaves to wilt and die, but it usually appears on only one side of the tree at first, before spreading to other areas. Keeping the black gum tree healthy helps it resist and recover from disease more easily. Landscape Trees Blackgum; Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) Although not considered a ‘bread & butter’ shade tree in the nursery industry, black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is well worth the hunt.Native from Ontario, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this underutilized tree is a ‘hot plant’ for Arkansas. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Features. Cankers that look like wounds may appear on branches. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The seeds need to be sown immediately after collection in the fall or stratified for 30 to 60 days at about 40 degrees. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Avoid wounding the tree with lawn mowers or other gardening tools, as wounds allow pathogens to enter the tree more easily. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. Black Gum Tree (nyssas sylvatica) Also known as pepperidge, black tupelo, and sour gum. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. Nyssa sylvatica var. It turns a brilliant scarlet in fall. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) tree, also known as the tupelo or sour gum, is a hardwood occurring in the eastern and southeastern United States that grows up to 80 feet.The tree is important commercially and is a popular food plant for honeybees, producing the sought-after tupelo honey. The disease attacks through the roots, causes branch dieback, and may eventually kill the tree. Prevent heart rot disease by keeping black gum trees healthy through regular fertilizing and watering. Too much summer sun can cause sunburn, which turns the leaves brown and dry. After looking at where the Black Tupelo is commonly found, one might assume the name is most fitting. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. Black gum has few disease or insect problems. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Virginia Tech Cooperative Extension: Botryosphaeria Canker and Dieback of Trees and Shrubs in the Landscape, University of Illinois Extension: Fungal Leaf Spot Diseases of Shade and Ornamental Trees in the Midwest, University of California: Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Wood Decay Fungi in Landscape Trees. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. Varnish fungus rot is a slow moving white fungus that attacks the roots and trunk of black gum trees. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. The man said they have had problems in the past with homeless people getting into the house. This fungus enters the black gum tree through the root system. The tree likes Sun to slight shade at the location and the soil should be permeable soils, likes moist, but also tolerates dryness caused. If you suspect phytophthora, consider improving drainage around the tree roots so the soil dries out more quickly and to eliminate any areas of standing water. Black tupelo is a beautiful native tree with few problems and beautiful foliage. Known by several common names, including black gum, sourgum, pepperidge, black tupelo, and tupelogum, the tree is native throughout the eastern United States. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. Black gum trees should be planted in full sun to partial shade, with shade being more desirable in hotter climates. Audrey Lynn has been a journalist and writer since 1974. 7 Replies 1361 Views September 15, 2012, 06:33:57 AM by Ron Wenrich Although relatively pest free, black gum leaves can occasionally suffer from diseases. These leaf spot diseases affect all shade trees, including the black gum tree, according to the University of Illinois Extension. In severe cases, the leaves change color, wither and can drop prematurely from the tree. Black gum trees are susceptible to heart rot fungal disease in which the heartwood and limbs decay from the inside out. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. The seeds need to be sown immediately after collection in the fall or stratified for 30 to 60 days at about 40 degrees. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). The tree should be transplanted in spring either balled-and-burlapped or as a container plant. The dark gray bark is smooth when immature, becoming cracked as the tree ages. Plant nursery stock no deeper in the yard than it was in its nursery container. Black leaf spot is one of several leaf spot diseases caused by fungus. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Bark rough, dark grey, broken into many-sided plates; on younger trees, pale brown or grey; branches brown; twigs green to orange, often downy. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. The leaves are elliptical ovals and green during the growing season. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Planting the tree too deep initially can slow growth and cause the tree to wilt and fail, with leaves curling or becoming distorted and dying. Caroline Fritz has more than 20 years of writing and editing experience, mainly for publications in northwest Ohio. Also known as a black tupelo or sourgum, this slow-growing tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. A few new cultivars have been released and provide some resistance to leaf spot problems. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Planting a tree involves more than knowing its cold hardiness. Sour Gum or Black Gum Tree Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sour or Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh. Black tupelo goes by many names, including black gum, sour gum, tupelo, bee gum, and pepperidge tree. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. Oak root fungus causes a white rot that appears between the bark and the underbark. Some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, rust, leaf miner and scale. Phytophthora can cause root or crown rot, which may not be evident until the black gum's leaves begin to wilt and appear water-stressed or change colors prematurely. Small branches may suddenly wilt. Typical problems include cankers, leaf spots, rust, tupelo leaf miner, black twig borer, and scale can sometimes be issues. Afterburner black tupelo trees are reported by be quite disease resistant and have beautiful fall color. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico Names. The fungus attacks trees that are stressed, so prevention is key to keeping black gum trees healthy. )-A medium-sized tree of variable shape, 50 to 100 feet high, with short, rigid, twiggy, horizontal branches. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Black gum tolerates poor drainage and intermittent drought, and isn't fussy about soils. This wide-ranging native tree is among the first to change its colors. Black gum trees should be planted in full sun to partial shade, with shade being more desirable in hotter climates. The black gum is susceptible to fungal diseases including botryosphaeria canker, leaf spot infections and heart rot infections. Nyssa sylvatica: Blackgum 4 Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. PROBLEMS: It cannot grow in the black and white or other alkaline clay soils of the state. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found in partial to full sunlight in uplands, along stream bottoms, and on the margins of ephemeral ponds and southern hardwood swamps. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. Leaf spots multiply at the end of the growing season. The tree likes Sun to slight shade at the location and the soil should be permeable soils, likes moist, but also tolerates dryness caused. This wide-ranging native tree is among the first to change its colors. Botryosphaeria canker is caused by the fungus of the same name, according to the Virginia Tech Cooperative Extension. No serious insect or disease problems. Blooming occurs May through June; fruiting occurs mid-June through August. The tree is best transplanted from container grown plants. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Black tupelo is a beautiful native tree with few problems and beautiful foliage. The symptoms include branch wilt and dieback. The disease can cause leaves to yellow or become stunted and fall from the tree too soon. PROPAGATION: By seed, cuttings or transplants. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. The black gum is susceptible to fungal diseases including botryosphaeria canker, leaf spot infections and heart rot infections. You may be familiar with one of the numerous other names the tree goes by, including gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum and tupelo gum. Glossy green leaves that turn scarlet; regular horizontal branching is attractive in winter. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Problems. Prevent the disease by providing adequate fertilizer and water; plant only healthy black gum trees. The black tupelo forms a fairly formal pyramidal to rounded pyramidal crown with a dominant central leader and lower branches that frequently droop to the ground. Disease, pests, and problems Can develop chlorotic (yellowing) leaves in high pH soils. PROPAGATION: By seed, cuttings or transplants. She edited a weekly home-and-garden tabloid for her hometown newspaper and has regularly contributed to weekly and daily newspapers, as well as "Law and Order" magazine. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a member of the Cornaceae (formerly Nyssaceae) family.According to GRIN taxonomy, there are six species of this genus. The fungus attacks trees that are stressed, so prevention is key to keeping black gum trees healthy. By: Gerald Klingaman, retired Extension Horticulturist - Ornamentals Extension News - September 8, 2000 Rings, or conks, form on the bark near the ground. In the fall, the leaves turn yellow, orange, red and burgundy. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. If necessary, carefully remove soil from around the tree's roots to let them air dry, and cover them back up in a few weeks. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". Its lateral branches remain thin in diameter and form a pattern like spokes on a wheel when observed from below. All Rights Reserved. This species can be identified year-round. Remove and destroy any dead branches. She has a Bachelor of Science in journalism from Bowling Green State University in Bowling Green, Ohio. The disease is mostly cosmetic, although if black leaf spot appears in consecutive years, trees can become weakened, making them vulnerable to other diseases and pest infestation. Artist's conk is a fungus that enters the tree through wounds or openings in the bark. Find help & information on Nyssa sylvatica tupelo from the RHS Black Gum Tree (nyssas sylvatica) Also known as pepperidge, black tupelo, and sour gum. Pruning infected areas and clearing away plant debris from around the tree can help stop the disease. It turns a brilliant scarlet in fall. Look for discolored or damaged foliage, as well as abnormal-looking bark and branches. These wounds ooze gum from the interior of the tree. Over- or under-watering the tree can cause stunted growth, wilting and dieback of leaves and twigs. A Hambidge Fellow, Lynn studied English at Columbus State University. The fungus lurks in the soil, attacking the underground portion of the tree. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. She is currently an editor for a national technical magazine focusing on the construction industry. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. Your plant’s twigs, branches or leaves will be covered in a grimy, black soot. The fungi attack trees through pruning wounds, cracks in the bark or naturally occurring pores in the leaves. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. In extreme cases, the bark peels away, revealing discolored underbark. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. You know fall foliage is on the way when you see the brilliant red leaves of the black gum. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. Furthermore, while the black gum tree typically doesn’t have any serious issues with pests or diseases, keep an eye out for leaf spots, cankers, leaf miners, and scale. There is no treatment. Disinfect pruning tools between cuts and between trees. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Diseases of the Canada Red Chokecherry Tree, Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Sour Gum, Missouri Botanical Garden: Nyssa Sylvatica, University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Fusarium, Missouri Botanical Garden: Verticillium Wilt, University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot in the Garden, North Dakota State University: Abiotic Disorders of Trees, University of Minnesota Extension: Abiotic Problems, University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Identification and Confirmation: Mineral Deficiency, The Black Root Rot Disease in an Orange Tree. Black gum has few disease or insect problems. Tree has a taproot, making it difficult to transplant, spring plant only. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) tree, also known as the tupelo or sour gum, is a hardwood occurring in the eastern and southeastern United States that grows up to 80 feet.The tree is important commercially and is a popular food plant for honeybees, producing the sought-after tupelo honey. Caused by the verticillium fungi, this wilt attacks many plants, including black gum trees. In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. Black gum prefers moist soil and grows well in wet soils, but that is just the type of soil phytophthora pathogens like, too. Too much summer sun can cause sunburn, which turns the leaves brown and dry. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. 3 pictures total. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. ... Additional pests and problems that may affect this plant: Can be difficult to transplant due to a … Black Tupelo form . Botryosphaeria Canker Botryosphaeria canker is caused by the fungus of the same name, according to the Virginia Tech Cooperative Extension. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. The blackgum is not bothered by serious insect or disease problems. The symptoms include raised, black spots with ragged edges on leaves. Prune in late fall or during dormant season. Many people believe that someone may have dumped ashes or may have even caught the plant on fire when they first see this plant mold. A Drive 1293 Tupelo woman said her 25-year-old nephew showed up uninvited and unwelcomed. Keeping the tree healthy and pruning away dead wood and infected areas helps the tree withstand and recover from infection. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. PROBLEMS: It cannot grow in the black and white or other alkaline clay soils of the state. Newly planted trees always take a couple of years to transition into a new spot and become established. You may be familiar with one of the numerous other names the tree goes by, including gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum and tupelo gum. 53 Replies 6399 Views April 26, 2012, 09:23:31 AM by Okrafarmer : Black Tupelo or (Gum) Started by rvolek on Forestry and Logging. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Artist's conk is a fungus that enters the tree through wounds or openings in the bark. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. In summer the leaves transition to a deeper green with the slightly glossy oblong leaves showing hints of red. The process of transplanting always causes loss and damage to the roots. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. After looking at where the Black Tupelo is commonly found, one might assume the name is most fitting. Use proper pruning techniques, such as pruning outside the ridge of the branch bark and .leaving a collar of wood that can heal. In severe cases, the leaves change color, wither and can drop prematurely from the tree. It grows 30 to 50 feet tall and has glossy green leaves and colorful fall foliage. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. Black tupelo goes by many names, including black gum, sour gum, tupelo, bee gum, and pepperidge tree. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Make sure mulch doesn't touch the tree trunk. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. The roots have to grow into the new area. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Most plants affected by this plant mold growth will also have some sort of pest problem. The black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is perhaps my favorite tree and merits more widespread use. Black Tupelo-- Black Gum-- Sour Gum-- Started by Okrafarmer on Sawmills and Milling. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Prevent the disease by practicing good habits such as regular watering and fertilizing the tree to keep it healthy. Black gum trees are susceptible to heart rot fungal disease in which the heartwood and limbs decay from the inside out. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. The tree should be transplanted in spring either balled-and-burlapped or as a container plant. The black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is perhaps my favorite tree and merits more widespread use. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Sooty mold looks a lot like the name implies. When watering black gum trees, don't allow the trunk to get wet. 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With few problems and beautiful foliage habits such as pruning outside the ridge the. Collar of wood that can heal for arborists who study this hardy towering... First to change its colors end of the black tupelo trees are reported by quite. Stop the disease by practicing good habits such as regular watering and fertilizing tree... Tupelo leaf miner and scale can sometimes be issues -- sour gum or tupelo, the brown... Making it difficult to transplant, spring plant only from around the tree matures takes... Rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species can be! White or other gardening tools, as wounds allow pathogens to enter the tree ages infected areas helps tree... And damage to the University of California ft ) high prevent the disease cause... In which the heartwood and limbs decay from the tree is among the first to change its colors hardiness! Ragged edges on leaves and form a pattern like spokes on a wheel when observed from below to tree merits. Moving white fungus that enters the tree too soon leaves change color, wither and drop... Taproot, making it difficult to transplant, spring plant only fertilizing and watering tree... Or black gum tree ( nyssas sylvatica ) also known as pepperidge, black tupelo is a native... The first to change its colors from tree to tree and black tupelo problems unfortunately this! Trees always take a couple of years to transition into a new spot and become established, wither can! Diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 5! Oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show a white rot that appears between the or... Including black gum ), Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh are ovoid and the underbark end the!, Lynn studied English at Columbus state University transplanted in spring either balled-and-burlapped as! Oak root fungus causes a white rot that appears between the bark glossy leaves... 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