and leaving Nazareth, He came and settled in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) << 1 Corinthians 12 | 1 Corinthians 13 | 1 Corinthians 14 >> (Read all of 1 Corinthians 13) Complete Concise Chapter Contents. Commentary on Matthew 4:12-23 View Bible Text . The word Hum is doubtless the closing syllable of thee word Caperna, signifies a mound, or ancient, site, so the ancient Kefr-Nahum would be the modern Tell-Hum. For events at Capernaum, see Matthew 8, Matthew 9, Matthew 17, Matthew 18. The evangelist describes the position not to satisfy the curiosity of geographers, but to pave the way for another prophetic reference. We also met with it before, Matthew 10:22. As such, it fell in with the habits of the four first-called disciples, who, though two of them were of Bethsaida, were already partly domiciled there. It was called the place of refreshment, from the springs near which it stood. Matthew 15:4. The adjoining countries of Naphtali and Zebulun, diversified with mountain and vale, were covered with verdure, and cultivated by a swarming population. Thus the double advantages of intercourse by sea and land were secured by our Lord’s position at Capernaum.”. This lake and its surrounding localities must ever remain one of the most interesting spots on the map of the globe. So also Luke 4:4. In the summer or late spring it is filled with an atmosphere of oppressive heat, in great contrast with the bracing breezes of the neighbouring hills of Galilee. Matthew 4:14. Moving down the eastern shore, we come to Kersa or Gergesa, the place of the two demoniacs and the possessed swine. Matthew 13:54-58. “Nevertheless, the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun, and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The word is called the sword of the Spirit, Ephesians 6:17. For God commanded, saying That he might not be thought to suggest this without any foundation, he gives them an instance, wherein a command of God was transgressed, by the observance of their tradition: the command he refers to, stands in ( … This place was eminently suited to be the location of our Lord’s ministry. AMPC. As Nazareth was in Galilee, this implies that our Lord’s course from Judea was first to Nazareth. Twelve men sent to search the land of Canaan, Their instructions. God will stretch out his hand to his people, and, therefore, death will be more tolerable than the previous diseases were. As Bethlehem was the place of Jesus’s birth, and Nazareth of his childhood, so Capernaum was the home of his ministry, and, Capernaum was a town situated upon the western shore of the Lake of Gennesaret. Matthew 4:13. And leaving Nazareth — Namely, when they had wholly rejected his word, and even attempted to kill him. The lake by which it stood, though now deserted and lonely, was then the scene of busy life. was situated in Lower Galilee; and Capharnaum, a maritime town, in Higher Galilee. Verses 4–13. (See Hist. The people that walked in darkness shall see a great light” (Isaiah 9:1. “ Though the whole nation,” says he, “shall be destroyed, yet so brilliant shall be the light of grace, that there will be less dimness in this last destruction than in the two former instances, when the ten tribes were ruined.”. There is no better answering the tempter than by opposing the precepts of holy writ to his motions to sin. Matthew 4:12-17. Under the Roman government custom-houses were established, at which tribute was taken by the publicans, of which Matthew was one. Matthew 4:15. and leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the borders of Zebulun and Naphtali: AMP. But if we attend to the true meaning of the prophet, it will appear to be properly and naturally accommodated to the present occasion. The exact site of Capernaum has long been one of the vexed questions of the topography of Palestine, but the researches of the Palestine Exploration Society have identified it with the modern village of Tell-Hûm, where their excavations have disinterred the remains of an ancient building of the Roman period, which is supposed to have been the synagogue of the city; possibly, therefore, the very synagogue, built by the believing centurion (Luke 7:5), in which our Lord worshipped and taught (John 6:59). Wilson, 1866), and on account of the similarity of the name (Tell Hum means ‘Hill of Nahum,’ and Capernaum ‘Village of Nahum’). The peace of the kingdom of Christ. Its fisheries furnished a source of sustenance to the surrounding inhabitants, and an industry for its labourers. The promise ought to be extended, I have no doubt, to the whole body of the people, which might seem to be, to all appearance, lost and destroyed. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) << Micah 3 | Micah 4 | Micah 5 >> (Read all of Micah 4) Complete Concise Chapter Contents. 14-16. In the borders of Zebulun and Naphtali ... wondered at the gracious words that proceeded out of his mouth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the seacoast. Synop.) The necessity and advantage of the grace of love. chap. According to the historian, Josephus, it did not belong to Herod, the tetrarch, who sent the baptist to confinement, but to Philip, the tetrarch, his brother. (Syn. Study This × Bible Gateway Plus. Study the bible online using commentary on Matthew 4 and more! The river Jordan runs through the middle of it, and stocks it with a variety of excellent fish. Read Matthew 4:13 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Matthew 4:13: John 7:41-52 Matthew 4:12 : Matthew 4:14 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Content. See Poole on Mt "13:17". (4.) Nazareth was a town in Galilee where the parents of Jesus lived after coming back from Egypt. When those, who lay in darkness, are said to have seen a great light, a change so sudden and remarkable is intended to enlarge our views of the greatness of the divine salvation. The town of Khorazy, about two miles north of Tell-Hum, seems to represent the ancient Chorazin. And leaving Nazareth, His early home. Its surface was alive with the ships, or rather lake-boats, of fisher-men and navigators. NIV Zondervan Study Bible, hardcover. Its fisheries furnished a source of sustenance to the surrounding inhabitants, and an industry for its labourers. Even the presence of the “publicans and sinners”—the latter term including Gentiles, the class of those who had flocked to the preaching of John, and were to be found in the half-Romanised city, and were not to be found in the more secluded villages—may have been one of the elements which led to the decisive choice. Anciently, the lake of Gennesareth was called the sea of Chinneroth, Numbers 34:11; but in later times, it was named the sea of Galilee, because that country formed part of its shore, and the sea of Tiberias: from the city Tiberias, lying on the south-west coast thereof. CHAPTER 4. The text in Isaiah 9:1 ,2 , where the words are, Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The coast or shore of the Lake of Gennesaret. View More Titles. But how, in that case, are we to take the word "leaving Nazareth" here? According to Josephus, Bell., 3:18, the length of this lake was one hundred furlongs, or twelve miles and a half, and its breadth forty furlongs, or five miles. … Words in boxes are from the Bible. The Lake of Gennesaret is seldom mentioned in the Old Testament, or in secular history. At length, Christ, “ the Sun of Righteousness,” (Malachi 4:2 ,) arose in full splendor, and, by his coming, utterly “abolished” (2 Timothy 1:10) the darkness of death. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 9:9-13, 18-26 EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 8-9. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, In the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim -. Study the bible online using commentary on Matthew 4:13 and more! That it might be fulfilled which — Whereby was fulfilled that which. It was on the border between the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali. Under the Roman government custom-houses were established, at which tribute was taken by the publicans, of which Matthew was one. (1-13) Cautions against bad company, Exhortation to faith and holiness. In the clearness of the eastern atmosphere it looks much smaller than its real size. It was afterward called the Sea of Galilee, and finally, in honour of the Emperor Tiberius, it was called the Lake of Tiberias, and a town was called Tiberias on its western coast. Matthew 4:13 in all English translations. Matthew 4:13. . The exact site of Capernaum, so often mentioned in the New Testament, is disputed; the words of our Lord (Matthew 11:23) have thus been fulfilled. The reasons for the choice of that city lie, some of them, on the surface. Exhortation to the study of wisdom. It is very absurd in the Jews to confine it to the deliverance of the city of Jerusalem. Its surface was alive with the ships, or rather lake-boats, of fisher-men and navigators. Its name is compounded of the words Kefr, village, and Nahum, refreshment. The Temptation of Jesus. Came and dwelt, or having come he settled. In the countries round this lake, our Lord spent a great part of the two former years of his public life; and though he afterward enlarged the compass of his journeys, yet they always enjoyed a considerable share of his blessed company and divine instructions.” — Macknight. (13) Leaving Nazareth.—The form of the name in the older MSS. Matthew 4:13 is the thirteenth verse of the fourth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament.In the previous verse Jesus returned to Galilee after hearing of the arrest of John the Baptist.In this verse he leaves from Nazareth to Capernaum.. It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot. By the ancient division of the tribes, Zebulun bordered on this Sea of Gennesaret. He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, [ Kafarnaoum (G2746a) teen (Greek #3588) parathalassian (Greek #3864)] - 'maritime Capernaum,' on the northwest shore of the sea of Galilee; but the precise spot is unknown. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Its surface was dotted by countless villages, visited by our Lord at various times, mentioned or unmentioned by the evangelists. As the traveller descends from the rocky walls by which it is encompassed, the temperature of its deep basin grows warm. After being rejected there the first time. A thriving commercial place on the northwestern shore of the sea (or lake) of Galilee, hence called here ‘the maritime,’ which is the literal meaning of the word paraphrased: which is on the shore of the lake. Jesus naturally went to Nazareth first, but He did not tarry there.— , He went to settle (as in Matthew 2:23) in Capernaum. They had rejected him (Luke 4:16-30), Lived in Capernaum. (3.) Matthew Poole's Commentary. Its position on the shore of the lake, as a town with a garrison and a custom-house, made it the natural centre of the fishing-trade of the Lake of Galilee. Matthew: Jesus is *Christ the King. See Schaff, Bible Lands (1878), p. 343. Tel Hûm and Khan Minyeh compete for the honour of the site. Isaiah, after having described a very heavy calamity of the nation, soothes their grief by a promise that, when the nation shall be reduced to extremity, a deliverance will immediately follow, which shall dispel the darkness, and restore the light of life. Our Price: $12.99 Save: $22.00 (63%) Buy Now. (2.) St. Matthew records the bare fact. A town built on a hill cannot be hidden. The Lectionary combines the First Gospel’s account of Matthew’s call with the twin restorations of the woman with the flow of blood and the ruler’s daughter. As the word Kefr signifies a village, and the word Tell signifies a mound, or ancient, site, so the ancient Kefr-Nahum would be the modern Tell-Hum. The word Hum is doubtless the closing syllable of thee word Capernaum. Capernaum was an important place, the residence of Andrew, Peter, and the sons of Zebedee, probably of Matthew also, chiefly honored by the title, ‘His own city’ (Matthew 9:1). is Nazara. (See the note at Matthew 11:23.) This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. Its name is compounded of the words Kefr, village, and Nahum, refreshment. Which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. By the way of the sea, beyond Jordan] Situate on the Jordan, near the sea.Campbell. Jesus teaches in Galilee. In the dim antiquity of the most ancient records, its name appears to have been Cinneroth, of which Gennesaret is the modernized Greek form, and which appears to have been derived from a town of Cinneroth, on its western shore. Matthew 4:13. To declare that our privileges by Christ under the gospel exceed the privileges of the Jewish church under Moses, as a reason why we should make a … KJ21. Our Lord seems to have chosen it for several reasons. Matthew 13:54-58; Mark 6:1-6). We adopt, however, the opinion of Dr. Thomson, that it was situated at the point which is now called Tell-Hum. Long before the settlement of the tribes in the land of Canaan, the dying Jacob prophesied of Zebulun, (Genesis 49:13:) “Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be an haven of the ships; and his borders shall be unto Zidon.”. Its bottom is gravel, which gives its waters both a good colour and taste. Matthew Poole's Commentary. Threats abound, but God carefully orchestrates Jesus’ earliest days according to Matthew. Commentary on Matthew 9:9-13, 18-26 View Bible Text . This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. 2 b He fasted for forty days and forty nights, * and afterwards he was hungry. Read Matthew 4 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). It is a promise to perseverance, especially to such perseverance as is joined with fortitude. parathalassios. What gives it a remarkable aspect, is the deep depression of its surface not only far below the lofty summits of its banks, but far below the level of the Mediterranean Sea. Samson’s riddle is here again unriddled: Out of the eater comes forth meat, and out of the strong sweetness. Thus the double advantages of intercourse by sea and land were secured by our Lord’s position at Capernaum.”. (21-25) Their account of the land. (1-3) Its excellency represented by its properties and effects; (4-7) and by its abiding, and its superiority. In the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim - the one lying to the west of the sea of Galilee, the other to the north of it; but the precise boundaries cannot now be traced out. See Luke 4:29 and for an explanation of the next verses, the note on Isaiah 9:1-2 and Mede's works, p. 101, 102. Long before the settlement of the tribes in the land of Canaan, the dying Jacob prophesied of Zebulun, (, :) “Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be an haven of the ships; and his borders shall be unto Zidon.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. From Judea was first to Nazareth were secured by our Lord ’ s.! It might be fulfilled which — Whereby was fulfilled that which thence on the sea, the... Of fisher-men and navigators this light, and by its properties and effects (... As Nazareth was in Galilee, this implies that our Lord seems to represent the ancient division of people! 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