[198] From a power surplus state in 2005–06, Tamil Nadu has become a state facing severe power shortage over the recent years due to lack of new power generation projects and delay in commercial power generation at Kudankulam Atomic Power Project. Express trains connect the state capital Chennai with Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata. [83], India has a human development index calculated as 0.619, while the corresponding figure for Tamil Nadu is 0.736, placing it among the top states in the country. Tamil Nadu is also home to the Tamil film industry nicknamed as "Kollywood", which released the most number of films in India in 2013. After the fall of Kingdom of Mysore, the British Colonial rule during the modern period led to the emergence of Chennai, then known as Madras, as a metropolitan city. Tamil Nadu also has golf ground in Coimbatore, The Coimbatore Golf Club is an 18-hole golf course located in Chettipalayam in Coimbatore, located within the city limits in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. [44] She was drawn to war after her husband Muthu Vaduganatha Thevar (1750–1772), King of Sivaganga was murdered at Kalayar Kovil temple by British. The Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu (SDAT) owns Nungambakkam tennis stadium which hosts Chennai Open and Davis Cup play-off tournaments. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve located in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills comprises part of adjoining states of Kerala and Karnataka. Such a phenomenon is unheard of.’ [93] Tamil Nadu has performed reasonably well in terms of literacy growth during the decade 2001–2011. [199] Kamuthi Solar Power Project was commissioned by Adani Power in Kamuthi, Ramanathapuram district. [45] Kattabomman (1760–1799), Palaiyakkara chief of Panchalakurichi who fought the British in the First Polygar War. The total cultivated area in the state was 5.60 million hectares in 2009–10. NewsX. This SPV named as "Chennai Metro Rail Limited" was incorporated on 3 December 2007 under the Companies Act. According to epigraphist Iravatham Mahadevan, this was the first datable artefact bearing the Indus script to be found in Tamil Nadu. Want your business or website listed here? Architecture from Chola period From left to right: A State flag for Tamil Nadu was unilaterally proposed by the Government of Tamil Nadu in 1970. The Tamil Nadu government did not have a response system in place to act upon the detection of illegal mining activities, the report said. Besides civilian airports, the state has four air bases of the Indian Air Force namely Thanjavur AFS, Tambram AFS, Coimbatore AFS and two naval air stations INS Rajali and INS Parundu of Indian Navy. Pongal, also called Tamizhar Thirunaal (festival of Tamils) or Makara Sankranti elsewhere in India, a four-day harvest festival is one of the most widely celebrated festivals throughout Tamil Nadu. Tourism in Tamil Nadu is promoted by Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC), a government of Tamil Nadu undertaking. [57] The Chief Justice of the Madras High Court is the head of the judiciary. Tamil Nadu is the leading holder of country’s resources of vermiculite, magnetite, dunite, rutile, garnet, molybdenum and ilmenite. The state has a total road length of 167,000 km (104,000 mi), of which 60,628 km (37,672 mi) are maintained by the Highways Department. [114] Tamil Lexicon, published by the University of Madras, is the first among the dictionaries published in any Indian language. They reconstructed some of the well-known temples in Tamil Nadu such as the Meenakshi Temple. A total of 14,438,445 people constituting 20.01 per cent of the total population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 794,697 people constituting 1.10 per cent of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). Their migration to South would thus constitute a double “archaeological miracle”: apart from being undetectable on the ground, it implies that the migrants experienced a total break with all their traditions. [95] [18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25], A Neolithic stone celt (a hand-held axe) with the Indus script on it was discovered at Sembian-Kandiyur near Mayiladuthurai in Tamil Nadu. Crore) and Growth (% YoY)", "Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly history", "HDI and GDI Estimates for India and the States/UTs: Results and Analysis", "Human Development Index of India & Major States, 1981 – 2001", "Press Information Bureau English Releases", "Biodiversity, Tamil Nadu Dept. [126] Tamil cinema is one of the largest industries of film production in India. Rare and unique plant life includes Combretum ovalifolium, ebony (Diospyros nilagrica), Habenaria rariflora (orchid), Alsophila, Impatiens elegans, Ranunculus reniformis, and royal fern.[56]. The recent excavations in Alagankulam archaeological site suggests that Alagankulam is one of the important trade centres or port cities of the Sangam Era. The first month in the Tamil calendar is Chittirai and the first day of this month in mid-April is celebrated as Tamil New Year. Tamil Nadu has a wide range of biomes extending east from the South Western Ghats montane rain forests in the Western Ghats through the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests to tropical dry broadleaf forests and then to the beaches, estuaries, salt marshes, mangroves, seagrasses and coral reefs of the Bay of Bengal. Tamin is engaged in the exploitation, processing and marketing of Granite and other minerals such as Limestone, Vermiculite, Quartz, Feldspar, Indian Standard Sand and Graphite. [79][80], At the 2011 India census, Tamil Nadu had a population of 72,147,030. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Mineral Resources of Tamil Nadu . Salem , Nilgiris, Coimbatore, Madurai and Mamandur . Cloudflare Ray ID: 6169d0916a6e95a8 Almost every part of the state is well connected by buses 24 hours a day. [63][64] In 2003, the state had a total police population ratio of 1:668, higher than the national average of 1:717. [193], Tamil Nadu has the third largest installed power generation capacity in the country. The government is the major investor in the state with 51 per cent of total investments, followed by private Indian investors at 29.9 per cent and foreign private investors at 14.9 per cent. The question is: Who made them? The Tamil Nadu Hockey Association is the governing body of hockey in the state. ", Skeletons dating back 3,800 years throw light on evolution, "The Hindu : National : 'Rudimentary Tamil-Brahmi script' unearthed at Adichanallur", "How a recent archaeological discovery throws light on the history of Tamil script", "Keezhadi excavation leads to ancient civilisation on the banks of Vaigai", "Excavation begins at Alagankulam archaeological site", "Cauvery River – Britannica Online Encyclopedia", "Tamil Cultural Association – Tamil Language", "History | Pudukkottai District, Government of Tamilnadu | India", "July 10, 1806 – The Vellore Mutiny Breaks out Against the British", "July, 1806 Vellore – S. Anand – Jul 17,2006", "Vidyasagar Rao assumes office as acting Governor of Tamil Nadu", "Tamil Nadu Governor appoints Edappadi K Palaniswami as chief minister – Times of India", "Governor administers oath of office to Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee", "Members of Parliament from Tamil Nadu State | Tamil Nadu Government Portal", "Women police personnel face bias, says report", "List of Municipalities in Tamil Nadu Gradewise", "Increase in demands for new districts in Tamil Nadu", "CM will announce Kumbakonam district soon: Min | Trichy News - Times of India", "Minister visits villages to receive grievance applications", "Increase in demands for new districts in Tamil Nadu - The New Indian Express", "Tamil Nadu Assembly: Chief Minister Plans for Three New Districts in the State", "India Stats: Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Population By Religious Community – Tamil Nadu", "Front Page : Tamil to be a classical language", "When Tamil Nadu proposed a State flag nearly five decades ago", "Tamilnadu – The Dance of Celestial Deities", Definitive Editions of Ancient Tamil Works, "Chera, Chola, Pandya: Using Archaeological Evidence to Identify the Tamil Kingdoms of Early Historic South India", "Palani excavation triggers fresh debate", "Delay, howlers in Tamil Lexicon embarrass scholars", "Alanganallur-Jallikattu, Madurai, Tamil Nadu", "Tamil, Telugu film industries outshine Bollywood", "Cinema ticket rate revision reflects a balancing act", "Metro Plus Chennai / Madras Miscellany : The pioneer'Tamil' film-maker", "Jayalalithaa govt scraps free TV scheme in Tamil Nadu", "What Happens When a State Is Run by Movie Stars", "Sun TV seals deal with Arasu at Rs 3cr a month", "FY-2015: Inflection point for DTH companies in India", MS Swaminathan Research Foundatation 2010, "India's Gems and Jewellery Market is Glittering", "Tamil Nadu Poultry Industry Seeks Export Concessions", Challenges to textile and apparel industry in Tamil Nadu 2000, "Nick Names of India Places Manchester of India Ahmedabad Cochin Queen of Arabian Sea – General Knowledge in India", "The Indian Express – Google News Archive Search", "Leather exports from India: Going strong! [5] Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India, and one of the most industrialised states; the manufacturing sector accounts for more than one-third of the state's GDP. The fall of the Vijayanagara empire and the Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance to expand into the Tamil heartland. There are a total of 27,878,282 workers, comprising 4,738,819 cultivators, 6,062,786 agricultural labourers, 1,261,059 in house hold industries, 11,695,119 other workers, 4,120,499 marginal workers, 377,220 marginal cultivators, 2,574,844 marginal agricultural labourers, 238,702 marginal workers in household industries and 929,733 other marginal workers. Tamil Nadu has six Nationalised Home Banks which originated in this state; Two government-sector banks Indian Bank and Indian Overseas Bank in Chennai, and four private-sector banks City Union Bank in Kumbakonam, Karur Vysya Bank, Lakshmi Vilas Bank in Karur, and Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Limited in Tuticorin. Tamil Nadu has four international airports, namely Chennai International Airport, Coimbatore International Airport, Tiruchirapalli International Airport and Madurai International Airport. PRADHAN MANTRI KHANIJ KSHETRA KALYAN YOJANA. Tamil Nadu Mineral Map showing metallic and non metallic minerals found in the Tamil Nadu State, India. [4] When India adopted national standards Tamil was the first language to be recognised as a classical language of India. [168][citation needed]. Legislative powers are given to the Governor's council under the Indian Councils Act 1861 and 1909 Minto-Morley Reforms eventually led to the establishment of the Madras Legislative Council. Tamil Nadu falls mostly in a region of low seismic hazard with the exception of the western border areas that lie in a low to moderate hazard zone; as per the 2002 Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) map, Tamil Nadu falls in Zones II and III. Administratively the state is divided into 38 districts. The date of the celt was estimated at between 1500 BCE and 2000 BCE. [88] Corruption is a major problem in the state with Transparency International ranking it the second most corrupt among the states of India. 9:27. At the beginning of the 19th century, the British firmly established governance over the entirety of Tamil Nadu. The per capita income at the current price is ₹72,993. In the south, Nawabs granted taxation rights to the British which led to conflicts between British and the Palaiyakkarar, which resulted in series of wars called Polygar war to establish independent states by the aspiring Palaiyakkarar. Tamil Nadu is served by an extensive road network, providing links between urban centres, agricultural market-places and rural areas. Tamil Nadu (Tamil: [ˈtamiɻ ˈnaːɽɯ] (listen)) is a state in southern India. Though early sangamclassics throw historical references, it is only from the Pallavas we pass to recorded history. The centenary old Pamban Bridge over sea connecting Rameswaram in Pamban island to the mainland is an engineering marvel. The Tuticorin Thermal Power Station has five 210 megawatt generators. Around 1609, the Dutch established a settlement in Pulicat,[38] while the Danes had their establishment in Tharangambadi also known as Tranquebar. In 2004–2005, the poverty line was set at ₹351.86/month for rural areas and ₹547.42/month for urban areas. Prior to Indian independence, Tamil Nadu was under British colonial rule as part of the Madras Presidency. Airtel Broadband,[190] Act Broadband[191] BSNL, Hathway[192] and few others are providing high speed Fiber Optic broadband connection in many cities & rural areas across Tamil Nadu. These are the earliest specimen of Dravidian temples under the Cholas. [98] The Midday Meal Scheme programme in Tamil Nadu was first initiated by Kamaraj, then it was expanded by M G Ramachandran in 1983. [207] Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan,[208] Krishnamachari Srikkanth,[209] Laxman Sivaramakrishnan, Sadagoppan Ramesh, Laxmipathy Balaji,[210] Murali Vijay,[211] Ravichandran Ashwin,[212] Vijay Shankar, Murali Karthik, Washington Sundar, Subramaniam Badrinath, Abhinav Mukund and Dinesh Karthik are some prominent cricketers from Tamil Nadu. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Tamil Nadu has four mobile service providers including BSNL,[186] Airtel,[187] JIO[188] and Vodafone Idea. Among states in India, Tamil Nadu is one of the leaders in livestock, poultry, and fisheries production. [citation needed], Tamil Nadu has three major seaports located at Chennai, Ennore and Thoothukudi, as well as seven other minor ports including Cuddalore and Nagapattinam. Curiously, for beach sand minerals in Tamil Nadu though, the ad valorem calculation was not applied. The Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve is in the southwest of the state bordering Kerala in the Western Ghats. Other major Hindu festivals including Deepavali (Death of Narakasura), Ayudha Poojai, Saraswathi Poojai (Dasara), Krishna Jayanthi and Vinayaka Chathurthi are also celebrated. [153] Tamil Nadu Agricultural University with its seven colleges and thirty-two research stations spread over the entire state contributes to evolving new crop varieties and technologies and disseminating through various extension agencies. In 1762, a tripartite treaty was signed between Thanjavur Maratha, Carnatic, and the British by which Thanjavur became a vassal of the Nawab of the Carnatic which eventually ceded to the British. The Pandyan capital Madurai was in the deep south away from the coast. Swaminathan, known as the "father of the Indian Green Revolution" was from Tamil Nadu. Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. [154] In 2003–2004, Tamil Nadu had produced 3783.6 million of eggs, which was the second-highest in India representing 9.37 per cent of the total egg production in the country. Headquartered at Chennai, the Southern Railway network extends over a large area of India's southern peninsula, covering the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, a small portion of Karnataka and a small portion of Andhra Pradesh. [62] The Tamil Nadu Police Force is over 140 years old. The Mayor Radhakrishnan Stadium in Chennai hosts international hockey events and is regarded by the International Hockey Federation as one of the best in the world for its infrastructure.[215]. The climate of the state ranges from dry sub-humid to semi-arid. The eastern parts are fertile coastal plains and the northern parts are a mix of hills and plains. 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