What are some interesting facts about presidents and first ladies? D espite the legendary status of the ’60s demonstrations, recent protests have likely involved more people. Since the White House was first occupied by President John Adams in 1800, influential people and organizations—or those who hoped to... For two hundred years, Decatur House has stood as a near neighbor to the White House across Lafayette Square. A. Catching the Wave: Photographs of the Women’s Movement: This resource from Harvard’s Schlesinger Library provides a rich sample of photographs from the Women’s Movement from feminist photographers Bettye Lane and Freda Leinwand. Every single day the news was broadcasting footage of good ol' young white … The youth were quick to adopt new trends while the old were hesitant which led to … And what was their chaplain going to do? The slogan was saying that Rich men like the president and congress would start the war, but they weren't the ones who would fight the war The White House observance of Christmas before the twentieth century was not an official event. They chose this place so they would be able to spread out along the entrances to the city as quickly as possible the next day. When discussing the role of protests in America, it seems fitting to begin in the 1960s— one of the most contentious decades in living memory. By the fall of 1967, only 35 percent of Americans supported U.S. policies in Vietnam.7 And during 1968, the anti-war movement only gained in momentum and fervor. The Red Power Movement and the Chicano Movement also fought against racism and sought to renew ethnic pride during the turbulent decades of the 1960s and 1970s. Lafayette Park, as the front yard of the White House, played an integral role in bringing the government and the people within reach of each other. Student protests of yore: a 60s rebel looks back. Next Pieces like Sproul Hall sit-in documentation (1968), Rally for the Oakland Seven (1968), and Cecil Williams and Angela Davis Speaks (1972) document these protests as well as show their intersection with the rise of the “New Left” and student radicalism. Protests against the Vietnam War began to gain prominence in 1965 on college campuses and around the United States, eventually garnering national attention in the following two years. Six Protest Posters From the 1960s and 1970s After the Second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union continued to develop and test nuclear weapons. For example, the White House response that the war was going well after the Tet Offensive in 1968 began to be doubted. Koichi Kato, 70, a Liberal Democratic Party lawmaker, was a law student at the University of Tokyo in 1960. Hispanic community leaders, in events like the Chicano Moratorium, and black community leaders also protested that the war had a greater impact in terms of deaths and suffering on their communities. “For What It’s Worth” by Buffalo Springfield (1966) On the records: For What It’s Worth and Buffalo … The Red Power movement was an inter-tribal movement by Americans Indians that fought for self-determination, sovereignty, and better reservation conditions during the late 1960s and the 1970s. San Francisco, New York, Oakland, and Berkeley were all demonstration hubs, especially during the height of the war in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Britain became the third nuclear power in the late 1950s. 1969: The Year of Gay Liberation: During the 1960s and 1970s, the fight for LBGTQ rights accelerated. Protest Rock contains nine anthems from the '60s and early '70s, including "Eve of Destruction," "Turn, Turn, Turn (To Everything There Is a Season), " "He Ain't Heavy, He's My Brother, " "I Shall Be Released, " "People Got to Be Free, " "War" and "Hurdy Gurdy Man." After the Kent State shootings, students marched on the National Guard Armory, broke windows there and also in some downtown businesses. After the introduction of television to the public in the 1940s, a distinct dichotomy emerged between entertainment programming (which made up the bulk of the most popular shows) and news, documentary, and other less-common nonfiction shows. This resource from the New York Public Library covers the movement during the pivotal year of 1969. During the mid-1960s, a new strategy and philosophy to improve black lives grew out of the civil rights movement. The Mayday Protest in 1971 is a prime example of how citizens used the nation’s capital as the ground on which to stage their disapproval. The women’s liberation movement also gained renewed energy and force in the late 1960s and early 1970s as women fought for equal pay, equal treatment, and new opportunities. A crowd that had formed at the station house to protest the incident became unruly and ignored requests to leave. The Right to Protest. The police used force to clear the area, and some protesters began to loot stores. It provides an overview of 1960s student protests at UNC through “digitized documents, images, and other archival materials.”. This was during the 1970s, when protest … But Washington, D.C. remained one of the most visible stages for this mass dissent of the government’s decisions regarding the war. CIA director Richard Helms remarked that Mayday was “one of the things that was putting increasing pressure on the [Nixon] administration to try and find some way to get out of the war.”. The Vietnam war was a dominant musical theme in the '60s and '70s. See more ideas about protest, 60s, lgbt history. In an anti-war protest in April of 1967, King and other members of a broad coalition called Spring Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam helped to lead a march of 300,000 anti-war protesters in New York City. The next day, a rally was held to protest police brutality. Another AAPB exhibit, Voices from the Southern Civil Rights Movement, provides an in-depth examination of the movement in the American south. How violent protests against police brutality in the ’60s and ’90s changed public opinion German Lopez 6/2/2020 Inauguration Day: 'Armed protests' warning puts officials on alert Voices of Civil Rights: Through images and quotes, this exhibit by the Library of Congress provides insight into the individual voices of the civil rights movement. Protests against the war in Vietnam loomed large in New Left activities, drawing crowds of students, non-students, radicals, and moderates who agreed that the conflict should end. An identity check by police on two black men in a car sparks the Watts riots, August 11-17, 1965, in Los Angeles, which… Joy Reid looks back at history and comments on the role of the First Amendment in the protests in Ferguson, Missouri. And to be clear, this is looking at thousands of protests over about a dozen years. Fashion trends and hairstyles also evolved rapidly throughout this time. All I know is that I'm young and your rules they are old. And the obvious thing was that the pastor should stand by his parishioners.”, “I just felt I would have to commit civil disobedience.” 6. The decade that began with the Making Connections in the President's Neighborhood, Pulling Back the Curtain on the Executive Mansion. Protest Movements in the 1970s: The Long 1960s Many histories of the American 1960s have centred on a dramatic tale of rise and fall. Be sure to check out this resource, from the New York Public Library, to learn more: 1969: The Year of Gay Liberation. Some civil rights leaders, such as Martin Luther King Jr. and James Bevel, also joined the antiwar movement. The radical feminist group Redstockings … The last event—in which National Guardsmen shot and killed four Kent State students at an anti-war protest—led to a nationwide student strike that shut down 500 colleges. The late 1960s and early ’70s: the relevance movement. The response to 1960s protests vs. today 03:06. The Chicano Movement also began in this period, fighting for better labor conditions, against racism, and seeking to celebrate Mexican-American heritage. Protest Song #2 Slogan #2 Slogan #1 This slogan was also used by the Protesters in the US, some crowds were seen with this slogan as well. Now, it’s not an easy thing to do if you’re married and if you have small children…[But] I felt sort of a wider parish of students were turning in their draft cards. The '60s and '70s protests were dominated by issues such as the Vietnam War, environmental protections, women’s rights, homosexual rights and the anti-nuclear movement. Check out this exhibit by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Q. The Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Long Struggle for Freedom: This exhibit by the Library of Congress “explores the events that shaped the civil rights movement, as well as the far-reaching impact the act had on a changing society.” The exhibition includes “archival footage of the era, as well as contemporary interviews with civil rights leaders and activists reflecting on the civil rights era.”, The Civil Rights Movement in The Bay Area: This exhibit from the Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley documents the civil rights movement within California “through photographs and news stories from the News-Call Bulletin Newspaper during the period 1960-1965.". : The Bob Seger System. It's an entertaining budget-line collection. New Mexico Navajo Protest, 1974: This collection from Stanford University provides images from 1974 Navajo protests. The Vietnam anti-war movement was one of the most pervasive displays of opposition to the government policy in modern times. William Sloane Coffin of Yale remarked, “My own feeling was that this war was so wrong that having done all the other things I just felt I would have to commit civil disobedience. The AAPB holds notable audio and video from the civil rights movement, which reached the peak of its activism in the mid-1960s. From 1968 to 1970, protests continued in force as events like the Tet Offensive, My Lai massacre, and the Kent State massacre led individuals to further protest the role of the United States in Vietnam. '2 + 2 = ?' Revolution can begin small, with a single group or an act of defiance. In fall of 1967, over 1,000 student protesters returned their draft cards at the steps of the Justice Department. ... Students don't take themselves or their causes with the same deadly seriousness as we baby boomers used to do in the 60s and 70s. Commentary from Rosa Parks, audio from members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), interviews with members of Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and radio programs describing stay-outs vividly show the organized resistance to discrimination and the use of protest during the civil rights movement. Thousands of Images covering the History of the White House, Official White House Ornaments, Books & More. First families decorated the house... What is it like to live at the White House? A vivid piece of this history is found in this recording of a 1973 celebration of International Women’s Day, in speeches by Equal Rights Amendment supporters and in this recording of 1970s rally by women fighting to gain child care support. Activists planned to shut down the city completely, handicapping the government and making it impossible for it to function. Traffic was stopped, at least for a few hours, and although it angered some commuters, no one could disregard the strength of the movement. 1969 would prove especially momentous, as the Stonewall uprising in New York City propelled activists around the United States into action and prompted annual pride parades. Share this - copied. The end of the Vietnam War, Watergate, environmental concerns, and the Kent State shootings informed the nation’s unrest. Including student groups like Students for a Democratic Society and the Free Speech Movement in Berkeley, the New Left rallied for the “common struggle with the liberation movements of the world.”5. The growth of the New Left and student radicalism began in the early 1960s and reached its height during 1968. These protests were sparked after white teenagers, who attacked and killed three Navajo individuals, only had to attend reform school for their crimes. During the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago, a stand-off between anti-war protesters and police erupted in violence as police brutally and indiscriminately used force against the crowds gathered to protest. The '70s had their fair share of problems as well. Quietbutreal adds "the real deal on the '60s was the Vietnam horror. We remember the 1960s as an era of activism and social change. In the 1960s and early 1970s, anti-war activists decided to use every tool at their disposal to pressure Presidents Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon to … The decade that began with the protests of the civil rights movement would end in a wave of activism by students, marginalized communities, and women that continued into the mid 1970s. When discussing the role of protests in America, it seems fitting to begin in the 1960s— one of the most contentious decades in living memory. At least 261 people were arrested in protests in New York City, Chicago, St. Paul, Baton Rouge, and other cities. How many weddings have been held at the White House? The Movement, The Legacy: This exhibit from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture explores the Black Power movement's impact on American life through photography. Those involved in the counterculture movement succeeded in bringing an end to restrictive censorship of films and other mass media productions. This Is What US Protests Looked Like In The '60s “There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest.” —Elie Wiesel. The White House Historical Association and the Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project If I've got … The 1971 May Day Protests were a series of large-scale civil disobedience actions in Washington, D.C., in protest against the Vietnam War.These began on Monday morning, May 3rd, and ended on May 5th. present this collaboration in an effort to open a... For more than two hundred years, Lafayette Square has been home to a wide variety of historical figures, from diplomats... From its construction in 1792, until the 1902 renovation that shaped the modern identity and functions of the interior of the White... For more than two centuries, the White House has been the home of American presidents. The Black Power Movement, espoused by organizations like SNCC and the Black Panther Party, began to advocate and rally in favor of black pride, black liberation, and revolutionary determinism. Chicago: Law and Disorder: This exhibit from the Chicago History Museum covers the 1968 Democratic Convention through photographs, documents, and ephemera. In particular, the Democratic Party felt the effects of anti-war sentiment as the party became increasingly divided over the war. The City Council gave the mayor curfew powers. Raised My Hand To Volunteer: Want to learn more about student protests? Many of the social and political movements of the past half-century can trace their roots, at … All throughout the movement people congregated on the Ellipse, the foot of the U.S. Capitol, and the National Mall by the thousands. Phil Ochs’ “I Ain’t Marching Anymore” (August 1965) This rousing number leads us through a litany … St. John’s, the Church of the Presidents. It was the beginning of over 25,000 draft cards burnt, returned, or destroyed in protest during the course of the war. Protesters camped out in masses on the edges of downtown Washington on May 2, 1971. a collaboration between the Library of Congress and GBH. 2016 – Widespread protests erupt in response to two deaths at the hands of police, the Shooting of Alton Sterling and shooting of Philando Castile. Anti-war protests were not new to Iowa City or to elsewhere in Iowa; protests had been occurring throughout the 1960s. As a result, film makers made productions on subjects that were previously prohibited, bringing change to the mainstream media. Please talk about a few examples. "Fight the Power (Parts 1 & 2)" by The Isley Brothers (1975) The phrase "fight the power" is better … The main precedent for the current national wave of protests against police and vigilante violence against African American men and women is the modern civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. During the late 1960s and the 1970s, gay and lesbian activism also flourished in the form of parades and demonstrations as activists and supporters protested the stigmatization of the gay community, demanded equal rights, and celebrated their identities. The AAPB contains three pivotal moments of the Red Power movement in its archives: programs covering the occupation of Alcatraz Island in 1969, the Siege of Wounded Knee in 1973, and the Longest Walk in 1978. Omar Wasow: I looked at both nonviolent and violent protests in the 1960s. REVOLUTIONS: The Right to Protect vs. The president could not ignore what the people were saying. Absolutely. For more information about the Vietnam War, visit the PBS website. Protests raged all over the country. 2016 – 2016 … Spring of 1970 was different. Black Power! Protesters also used a far more personal venue. It may be hard to recall now, but there was a time when most Americans were decidedly more blasé about bombing attacks. 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