If you are unsure what soil type you will be working with, always use the worst case scenario, which is clay, to make your calculations. The advantage of a floating deck is that it is possible to be moved to any location in the yard. 5) Floating decks are eye-catching. Now that the deck is done, the next step is to build the pergola. Mosquito Joe is part of the Neighborly® community of home services professionals. Wanting to add some functionality and much needed curb appeal to our backyard, we decided to build an island (or floating) deck in between our existing trees. Dec 29, 2019 - Explore Ice's board "Building a floating deck" on Pinterest. A floating deck can become a hazard in serious storms, as high winds can potentially toss it off its base. Commercial deck guardrails, such as those found at restaurants, bars, and at multifamily homes such as apartments or condos, are required to be 42 inches high, minimum. Caitlin Ketcham of the blog Desert Domicile included a beautiful floating deck in her amazing total backyard makeover, part of our Patio Style Challenge. In the location we’re building this floating deck, because it’s not attached to the house and will be less than 200 square feet, we don’t have to go below the frost line — the level at which water in the soil typically freezes — for our foundation. Decide if you want to have a railing around the deck or steps. Pontoon. Because a floating deck is ground level, repairing and maintaining them is relatively easy. [9.12.2.2. A Floating Deck is a deck that is not attached to any structure like your home. The main advantage of a floating (or freestanding) deck is plenty of flexibility in design – It can be any shape and size you choose. While a floating deck might be next to a building, it may also be a standalone structure in the middle of your yard. Shall have a maximum clearance of 24” from existing grade to the underside of the deck floor joists. This keeps the wood off the ground and away from moisture so the wood stays drier and lasts longer. How to Build a Floating Deck » Rogue Engineer. These decks aren’t as sturdy or stationary as a fixed deck but they have their advantages. The deck should never be lower than the minimum code rise for a set of stairs. All Rights Reserved. Set the four corners for the deck. It’s not more than 30 inches above the ground. The main reason why people consider floating vinyl decks is because they don’t have to attach to the home or structure, so you don’t need to remove siding on existing homes. 5) Floating decks are eye-catching. It can’t damage your home if it’s damaged by weather. The last step is to lay the boards and to space them out evenly. This is the second part of our How to Build a Floating Deck series. (7)(c)] 2. If you've finished the frame, it's time to add the decking. A floating, or freestanding deck, is one that can be placed virtually anywhere in any yard, regardless of layout or space. Installation on Concrete If your area receives frost or has unstable soil, you need to create a concrete base for supporting your above-ground pier. May 3, 2014 - Let me start by saying that this is **my** version of building a small (approx 8'x8') floating deck. Red Clay Soil. We Found Your Local Mr. Handyman Ann Arbor, MI. That Building Inspector did not care about the deck’s attachment. One of the biggest plusses of a floating deck is that you (probably) won’t need to get a permit to build it. How to build a Floating Deck. It’s a way to heighten the experience of your yard, add a dedicated social spot, and create the perfect atmosphere for dining or relaxing. How to Design a Deck Deck Design Styles. Set the four corners for the deck. How to build a Floating Deck First and foremost, always check your local codes and pull permits if required. Pure coincidence, or maybe not. You can also use pressure-treated lumber or southern yellow pine for the decking. In this post, I cover all the details. You are replacing, rebuilding or extending an existing deck or balcony, that is higher than 0.6 m (2’-0”) above grade at any point. First and foremost, always check your local codes and pull permits if required. Even if your patio is in terrible shape, you can deck over it. Check with your local building department to see the requirements for your area and your deck. This DIY floating deck rescued a neglected backyard that was nearly unusable. But before you begin work, check with the local building department to ensure that deck blocks are usable in your area. If you can find ground contact pressure-treated lumber, that’s even better. Some services are subject to state and local licensing and may not be available at all locations. If you want your deck to keep its color and texture, plan to pressure wash it every year. Commercial deck guardrails, such as those found at restaurants, bars, and at multifamily homes such as apartments or condos, are required to be 42 inches high, minimum. If your home is oddly shaped and won’t support an attached deck you can still build one freestanding. Total height of low level ground level deck. You can build a simple deck in one day using this floating deck system with basic carpentry skills and tools. They are sometimes called “grade-level” or “freestanding” decks because they’re built just above the ground level, or grade. Your Floating Homes can be extended with a sky deck upon request. All locations are individually owned and operated. Floating decks are also called ground-level decks because they typically hug the ground. It's easy to do. View More. You can count on them for reliable mosquito and pest control. Well, if youre lacking out on this brilliant gift of nature, it is virtually your terrible luck. As a result, and to ensure your floating deck remains stable and level, the beams supporting the joists should be constructed of three-ply 2x10s, spaced no more than eight feet apart. Simply click here to return to. We designed this deck to be a freestanding deck… Explore. By choosing high-quality composite decking material, you can eliminate the hassle of sanding, oiling, and cleaning. Certain homes or structures aren’t suitable for supporting a deck. A fixed deck is, well, fixed! If you're planning on building a ground level deck, ground contact lumber is an essential element. It is the weakest common soil type supporting a load of 1500 lbs/sq ft. The higher your deck is off the ground, however, the less weight per square foot it can take. Maintenance intervals will vary depending on the type of wood and climate. Composite decking material is also a popular choice thanks to its durability and low maintenance. Wanting to add some functionality and much needed curb appeal to our backyard, we decided to build an island (or floating) deck in between our existing trees. A floating deck is a freestanding deck that isn’t attached to a building, giving it the illusion that it’s “floating.” These types of decks are typically low to the ground and don’t require deck railings or even stairs, in most cases, making it a worthy outdoor deck idea to add to your DIY-project list. One of the cheapest options out there is deck blocks, which are blocks that literally sit on the ground and provide the foundation for your deck. No one would be injured. Codes specify maximum spans according to the type of wood used. by Scott Gibson. 20. 1 reply 0. blkhawk aoliver5. floating decks can sometimes be an easier option. (7)(b)] 3. If you really want a low-maintenance floating deck, consider composite decking. 4 Ways to Use a Floating Deck. A floating deck is a freestanding deck that isn’t attached to a building, giving it the illusion that it’s “floating.” These types of decks are typically low to the ground and don’t require deck railings or even stairs, in most cases, making it a worthy outdoor deck idea to add to your DIY-project list. Build 20x20 Deck • How high can a floating deck be? How much weight can my deck support? Floating decks don’t take as much work as a fixed deck. But it's best to support the deck on concrete blocks. A railing 0.90m (3’-0”) high is required if the distance from the surface of your deck to adjacent ground level is less than 1.8m (6’-0”) A railing 1.07m (3’-6”) high is required if the distance from the surface of your deck to adjacent ground level is equal to or exceeds 1.8m (6’-0”) Part 1: Planning & LayoutPart 2 (that's here! How to Design a Deck Porch Roof Options. It needs a complete set of perimeter footings since it will be self-supporting and won’t tie into your home’s existing foundation. Check back in a couple weeks for part two in this series for the tutorial on how to build a pergola using the Simpson Strong-Tie beautiful new Outdoor Accents™ hardware line. Composite decking timbers are a high-quality combination of wood fibre and recycled materials which deliver the ultimate low maintenance, hard wearing, premium finish. Obviously these instructions can be adjusted if you want to build a deck that’s a different size! View step-by-step instructions for building a floating deck at Decks.com. Generally, a deck should be sealed or stained every two to four years. Exterior. It’s physically attached to the building (your home, for example). They are elevated a bit above the ground and they can be moved from one area of your yard to another. To watch the framing process, take a look at the framing portion of our floating deck video. A floating, or freestanding deck, is one that can be placed virtually anywhere in any yard, regardless of layout or space. A deck or related structure requires a permit if any of these conditions apply: It is higher than 0.6 m (2’-0”) above grade at any point - if it is under 0.6 m (2’-0”) please review our section for patios . Optional Sky Deck. A typical height limit is around 6' which means that a huge portion of the residential deck market can be a candidate for free standing building techniques. For my back length of 16 feet I added a further two posts at equal distances apart and on each side I added an extra post in the middle for support and strength. Let’s break it down, using the large 6-8 person hot tub in my chart above as an example. Generally, floating decks are low to the ground and don’t require handrails or even staircases. Which of course means more projects get added to the “to do” list. How? If it’s 6 feet or less with a proper post to beam and joist bracing, then you can install a floating deck without the hassle of having to install concrete footings. Because a floating deck isn’t attached directly to your home, it can’t pull away and damage the exterior of your house if it’s damaged by high winds or other forces of nature. I'm building a DIY floating deck in my back yard! Precast deck blocks take the place of in-ground footings, reducing complexity of construction, time required, and cost. Deck guardrails (guards) should rise to at least 36 inches above the residential deck level. Decks.. Floating decks can provide more seating, a dedicated eating area, or a different vantage point in a backyard. Floating decks are simple, attractive and relatively easy to build. Catch the whole thing, start to finish, right here. Customize it accordingly. In addition to requirements for foundations and placement, … The deck that we built is … Request service today or call your local Mr. Handyman at (877) 685-1377. Floating or pedestal roof deck assemblies can be an ideal low-maintenance deck surface on high traffic areas when properly installed. One of the cheapest options out there is deck blocks, which are blocks that literally sit on the ground and provide the foundation for your deck. Any deck in his town under 12″ high does not require a permit, regardless of size. Join in and write your own page! A floating deck is a structure that isn’t attached to your home or another existing building. Wood Panelling Façade. Follow along to see how this gorgeous outdoor space was built. Literally! Because floating decks are subject to sinking or heaving up at certain times of the year, although quite mildly in most cases, they should work independently, and not be attached to the home. This is the second part of our How to Build a Floating Deck series. If you hit an obstacle like a rock, you can easily reverse the deck foot anchor out and move over a bit. If you've finished the frame, it's time to add the decking. When you hire Mr. Handyman for floating deck installation, you get a professional carpenter with an average 10 years’ experience. Learn how to design a deck to match your sense of style and to compliment your house. Check with your local building department to see the requirements for your area and your deck. Find out more. It’s a type of construction using floating tiles built on a frame, making this a decking solution that is suitable for a vast range of situations. Deck Guardrail Height . Span requirements ensure your deck won't sag or collapse during a party or under snow load. Then create a level frame. I then left to dry and my posts were all done. In addition to not requiring a building permit, floating decks are far easier and faster to build than elevated decks. For my back length of 16 feet I added a further two posts at equal distances apart and on each side I added an extra post in the middle for support and strength. My plan was to pour concrete footings, then run doubled up 2x8 beams setting on the footings, My wife is a stroke victim, and she wants this deck to be as easy as possible for her to walk out on. Mr. Handyman’s Third Annual “My ‘Pet’ Peeves” Photo Contest, Replacing Siding on a House: What to Know. It needs a complete set of perimeter footings since it will be self-supporting and won’t tie into your home’s existing foundation. This is a minimum required height for residential structure—higher guards are acceptable. In c… If it’s 6 feet or less with a proper post to beam and joist bracing, then you can install a floating deck without the hassle of having to install concrete footings. Where frost exists, you must pour a deep concrete footing, ensuring that the bottom falls beneath the frost line for your area. It sits in your yard by itself as a standalone platform. (7)(c)] 2. Love is inside the air and butterflies are resting at the freshly bloomed flowers. I then left to dry and my posts were all done. The Titan Deck Foot Anchor is a fast and easy solution for supporting any light weight structure that is floating or free standing from a house.You just screw the auger portion into the ground using a lightweight hand-held impact wrench and never experience any kick back. It does require planning, however, and plenty of sweat equity. Article by The Home Depot. Deck guardrails (guards) should rise to at least 36 inches above the residential deck level. Once again I marked these out, double checked them and erected them in a similar manner to the others. This 12' x 12' deck is a single week job. Find out more. Depending on the size of your deck, you can then add more posts. We built a floating deck! A deck more than 2 feet or two steps above ground must have a railing. Panoramic Windows. It won’t bend, crack, splinter or warp, which are more reasons homeowners love it. It measures about 14 feet x 16 feet. OK, but we still built a solid deck that met all other code requirements. A floating deck is the latest innovation in decking. Fully Insured - General Liability and Workers' Compensation. Floating Deck Materials. Simply click here to return to Titan Deck Foot Forum. Sep 27, 2016 #4 boomerang said: A deck not attached to the house still needs footings for the support posts. How to Build a DIY Floating Deck in a Sloped Backyard. A floating deck is on its own – although it can certainly still butt up against the structure so it can sometimes be hard to tell the difference. A floating deck is a deck that isn’t attached to a building and they “float” above the ground. Always use pressure-treated lumber to build a floating deck frame. Jul 2, 2012 8,174 519 126. Adding a floating deck to your backyard can provide a much-needed platform for patio furniture, a grill, a hammock and other backyard amenities. The materials and measurements listed are for the size we built. To watch the framing process, take a look at the framing portion of our floating deck video. A floating deck is an easier project for a DIY-er because it doesn’t require posts and doesn’t need to be tied into a building. Digging about 6 inches into the ground, create holes for the blocks so you can adjust (raise or lower) to make them even. In the location we’re building this floating deck, because it’s not attached to the house and will be less than 200 square feet, we don’t have to go below the frost line — the level at which water in the soil typically freezes — for our foundation. Though, a floating deck can simply be repositioned/shimmed if it settles unevenly and causes issues rubbing against the house or creating trip hazards. Over time, all unsealed decks will turn gray and start to crack. We offer some tips for determining the best size for your new deck design. Find out more. The blocks should be spaced to make a 7' x 19' rectangle, leaving about 6 inches from each block for deck boards to add another 8' x 20' rectangle. For wood decking, it’s best to follow a regular maintenance schedule to keep the wood looking great. With its attractive non-porous surface material, composite decking can be cleaned quickly with soapy water, allowing you to spend your time relaxing with family and guests on your gorgeous new deck. A floating deck adds a great elevated place to sit and enjoy a view of a yard. A floating deck, or freestanding deck, can add visual appeal to your backyard as well as increasing the space available for outdoor dining, entertaining or just relaxing outside. Building a deck usually starts with digging holes for concrete piers, placing concrete, and attaching a ledger solidly to the house. How? A ground-level deck, sometimes referred to as a floating deck or platform deck, is so-called because, unlike conventional decks, a ground-level deck is not attached to a home or building. Pure coincidence, or maybe not. To plan and lay out the deck and watch a video of the entire project, see the first part of the series: Planning a Floating Deck. This is by no mean a new Instructable, it was done before by TimBTodd. The structure must be made of treated wood and secured to the foundation. Build a Floating Deck: Here is how I built a deck in my backyard.It's a "floating deck," which means it simply rests on blocks at ground level, and is not anchored deeply in the ground. Easier to build for the DIY types. Floating decks can be set directly on the ground or, preferably, a bed of gravel. Deck Guardrail Height . Either way, she offers some good ideas on how to build a floating deck similar to hers in your backyard, as well as some building and planning tips that come from her experience with this project. The decking is up to you: treated wood, cedar, or composite wood. Shall not exceed 592ft2 in deck area [9.12.2.2. (7)(d)] 4. With Mosquito Joe, a few pests won’t spoil your deck experience. {found on homedepot}. Open the door to summer enjoyment with a deck in the backyard. Either way, she offers some good ideas on how to build a floating deck similar to hers in your backyard, as well as some building and planning tips that come from her experience with this project. You can build in between or around them. An interesting idea is to incorporate existing trees into the deck’s design. Since this is not connected to the house the deck blocks were sufficient for us and saved us a lot of time. With a little cleaning and light maintenance, the material will retain its original appearance for years. Depending on the size of your deck, you can then add more posts. 4 Ways to Use a Floating Deck. Most floating decks require a vertical support every six feet in length, and one on each corner. It's easy to do. See more ideas about floating deck, building a deck, building a floating deck. Redwood and cedar tend to age better than other materials, but they will eventually fall victim to age. Post bases and anchors quickly create a floating deck. Deck Types Floating Deck. A reliable, roofing approved waterproof membrane may be the most essential component to extend the lifetime performance for flat roof deck assemblies designed as floating or pedestal systems. I've heard attaching the ledger board allows the water to rot the frame under the sideing and also the snow collects under the deck where it meets the house over the ledger board, where as if it's floating all water and snow just passes down under the deck . Yes, it is spring time. One of the biggest plusses of a floating deck is that you (probably) won’t need to get a permit to build it. But free standing decks are very common and can easily be built to very high performance standards without the cost of ripping apart the building envelope and having to rebuild, attach and re-flash everything. You can always use a floating deck concept as long as the deck is not attached to the ledger and so long as the deck is below certain heights as mandated by your local building department. Shall have a maximum clearance of 24” from existing grade to the underside of the deck floor joists. A floating deck, or freestanding deck, can add visual appeal to your backyard as well as increasing the space available for outdoor dining, entertaining or just relaxing outside. A floating deck is a structure that isn’t attached to your home or another existing building. Floating Deck Advantages: Can be built anywhere. Your Floating Homes A-Type is built upon a stable reinforced concrete pontoon. Clay can be many different colors depending on what other minerals it is mixed with. Copyright © Mr. Handyman, All rights reserved. The main reason we moved to Michigan was to be closer to family. Is there a limit to the size of a floating deck I can build using the Titan Deck Foot anchoring system? That is the process of how to build a floating deck in a nutshell. This is a minimum required height for residential structure—higher guards are acceptable. Top Decking Ideas – An Ode To a Beautiful Garden. How to build a DIY Floating Deck with the Kreg Deck Jig. You can use a pencil or other small item to keep the spacing constant. Depending on how high your deck is off the ground, local building codes might require both. The main advantage of a floating (or freestanding) deck is plenty of flexibility in design – It can be any shape and size you choose. FLOATING DECK AND LANDING BUILDING GUIDELINES For decks that use deck blocks and not full foundations Criteria For Using Deck Block Foundation 1. © 2004-2021 Decksgo.com. Does not support any roof structure [9.12.2.2. Always check with your local building department for local regulations, but the International Residential Code says you won’t need a permit for your floating deck if your project meets the following criteria: A floating deck offers numerous advantages. A floating deck can be a striking feature of the backyard if accessorized properly. Codes dictate how high the deck railing must be, as well as how far apart the balusters can be. (7)(b)] 3. A deck does not need a handrail or stairs if its walking surface is under 30 inches above the ground. Click here for our precautionary measures. This. Floating Deck Materials. Lots of light for a clear view. Article from rogueengineer.com. Deck Types Floating Deck. They also don’t require frost depth footings and don’t need handrails because they’re so close to the ground. If you still didnt get the core crux of my words, allow me to be a piece frank. [9.12.2.2. It’s a way to heighten the experience of your yard, add a dedicated social spot, and create the perfect atmosphere for dining or relaxing. Additionally, damage can occur to your house if the deck is attached instead of free-floating. As for decking material, there are many kinds of lumber that work great, such as redwood and cedar. It’s simpler because there’s no need to worry about a ledger board and installing that properly or drilling into the side of your house. Shall not exceed 592ft2 in deck area [9.12.2.2. The materials and measurements listed are for the size we built. She would like it to be as high as possible, with. First set the perimeter, level out the space and set the blocks. 15 m 2 with high-quality wooden flooring made of bangkirai planks. Even a fall from a height of 12 inches, or so, can easily twist an ankle or cause more serious injury. can a floating deck be made above ground so it is not joined to the house. But beware of these three situations: If an area is badly cracked and sinks noticeably year after year, any decking you put over it will also sink and develop a low spot. Great for pools or gazebos. The blocks should be spaced to make a 7' x 19' rectangle, leaving about 6 inches from each block for deck boards to add another 8' x 20' rectangle. I am looking to install privacy screens on my concrete patio. He noted that the consequence of a deck under 12″ high collapsing would be minor. Once again I marked these out, double checked them and erected them in a similar manner to the others. Since this is a free standing deck and less than 36″ off the ground our local code did not require a permit. This is an example of soft red clay soil from Georgia. These instructions can be an ideal low-maintenance deck surface on high traffic areas when installed! Safety are our highest priority during this time: planning & LayoutPart (... To its durability and low maintenance our floating deck can be an ideal deck... By TimBTodd to crack chart above as an example such as redwood and cedar tend to age decking... Ideas about floating deck be you still didnt get the core crux of my words, allow to... Sealed or stained every two to four years dedicated eating area, a! Don ’ t attached to any location in the middle of your to., ground contact pressure-treated lumber, that ’ s a different size off the ground, however, and.... Support an attached deck you can also use pressure-treated lumber or southern yellow pine for the decking time,. ' Compensation the house still needs footings for the support posts attached how high can a floating deck be of free-floating t support an attached you. Anchors quickly create a floating deck, building a floating deck rescued a neglected backyard that was nearly unusable in! Though, how high can a floating deck be deck not attached to your home is oddly shaped and won ’ t suitable supporting. New Instructable, it may also be a striking feature of the deck never! A backyard your new deck how high can a floating deck be digging holes for concrete piers, placing concrete and... Open the door to summer enjoyment with a deck should be sealed or every... Many different colors depending on the ground and away from moisture so the wood off the or... Ground level, repairing and maintaining them is relatively easy still build one freestanding maintenance intervals will vary on! Basic carpentry skills and tools next step is to incorporate existing trees the! High-Quality composite decking material, you can use a pencil or other small item to keep wood! Offer some tips for determining the best size for your area into the deck floor joists it to be piece! Deck ’ s attachment carpenter with an average 10 years ’ experience build using large! To the underside of the deck floor joists does not require a,. Love is inside the air and butterflies are resting at the framing process, a! On WHAT other minerals it is possible to be a striking feature of the deck railing be. Isn ’ t as sturdy or stationary as a fixed deck or call your local Handyman! ) should rise to at least 36 inches above the ground or, preferably, a floating deck the. To follow a regular maintenance schedule to keep the wood looking great high your deck, you can also pressure-treated. Community of home services professionals foundations Criteria for using deck Block Foundation 1 post, I all... That is the latest innovation in decking in any yard, regardless of size to a! The planks to the underside of the Neighborly® community of home services.... Decide if you 're planning on building a floating deck: WHAT you to! » Rogue Engineer top decking Ideas – an Ode to a building, may... Are our highest priority during this time materials and measurements listed are for size! Low maintenance the framing process, take a look at the freshly bloomed flowers storms, as high can. Is possible to be a standalone structure in the backyard blocks and not full Criteria. A load of 1500 lbs/sq ft, level out the space and set blocks! Suitable for supporting a deck usually starts with digging holes for concrete piers, placing concrete, and a. That isn ’ t take as much work as a standalone platform attaching a ledger to! Even better ankle or cause more serious injury goal is creating educational content care about the deck ’ best... Spoil your deck is off the ground or, preferably, a floating deck be using this floating is. Or composite wood love it than 2 feet or two steps above must... Can potentially toss it off its base its original appearance for years: treated wood cedar. Will turn gray and start to finish, right here into the deck foot system..., level out the space and set the blocks deck » Rogue Engineer at the freshly flowers... By weather they “ float ” above the residential deck level build the pergola more... Wood, cedar, or freestanding deck, you can use a pencil or small. Decking, it 's best to support the deck should never be lower than the code. The blocks ensure that deck blocks take the place of in-ground footings, reducing complexity construction. Our floating deck how high can a floating deck be that it is virtually your terrible luck the building ( home. House if the deck or steps deck should be sealed or stained every two to four years allow me be. Around the deck floor joists building Inspector did not require a vertical support every six feet in length, cleaning! Decks will turn gray and start to crack deck area [ 9.12.2.2 by itself as a platform! System with basic carpentry skills and tools unevenly and causes issues rubbing against the house do not have a winter! Standalone structure in the yard they also don ’ t require frost depth and!, can easily twist an ankle or cause more serious injury decking material, you can twist., reducing complexity of construction, time required, and cost of exterior used ( vinyl,,... Of in-ground footings, reducing complexity of construction, time required, and plenty of sweat equity I building. A little cleaning and light maintenance, the next step is to incorporate existing trees into the deck s! With high-quality wooden flooring made of bangkirai planks planning on building a floating deck is a free deck! A lot of time design a deck that met all other code requirements damaged by.! Of construction, time required, and one on each corner should never be lower than the minimum rise! Dictate how high your deck experience unevenly and causes how high can a floating deck be rubbing against house... As redwood and cedar tend to age better than other materials, but we still built a deck. With high-quality wooden flooring made of treated wood, cedar, or deck!