However, not all shipwrecks are as easy to explain. Originally built at the start of the 80s, the vessel came under the ownership of her last operators, the Estonia Shipping Company, in the early 1990s. Though these less-fortunate kith and kin speak about exhuming the bodies from their watery graveyard, the Swedish governmental officials decided in lieu of the exhumation to uphold the MS Estonia wreck as a memorial site. Experts speaking on the documentary said that this evidence had not been taken into account at the time of the original investigation. The MS Estonia sinking occurred in the year 1994 in the month of September as the vessel was passing through the Baltic Sea from the Estonian province of Tallinn to her intended destination of Stockholm. As contrary to otherwise held beliefs, the MS Estonia was a ship with almost 15 years of successful ferrying service for four different owners and operators. . What force would be powerful enough to have caused such significant damage? What could explain this damage? What made it headline news around the world was the huge loss of life. Project ’44 – Mapping the European Theater of Operations, Footage taken at The Tomb of The Unknown Soldier: The crowd starts to get loud & the Sentinel calls them out, Out of fuel: Pilot Landed on a Container Ship – The Ship Claimed the Plane Under Salvage Rights (Watch), In 1914, A Soldiers Average Height Was 5’2” & Canadian Troops Had The Highest Rates Of Venereal Disease, Attack of the Dead Men! Estonia in Viking Line Livery By Mark Markefelt (1918–2009) Maritime Museum [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia CommonsThe History of the MS Estonia. Stefan Torssell (born 1946) is a Swedish sea captain, author, lecturer, politician, and reporter known for his book "M/S Estonia - svenska statens haveri" which purports to reveal controversial information about the Swedish governmental cover up of the about the MS Estonia sinking.He also gave an interview about the book in Swebbtv. **Learn To Do Troubleshooting And Maintenance Of Marine Electrical Systems**        Click Here To Know How, By MI News Network | In: Maritime History | Last Updated on November 8, 2019. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. A pivoting cross with a bronze bell at the end hangs down in the center. Regrettably, by the time the rescue campaigns could be deployed thoroughly after the initial hassles, almost three-quarters of the voyagers had succumbed as the vessel sank to the depths of the frigid Baltic. Even her last operational route specially launched between the provinces of Tallinn (Estonia) to Stockholm (Sweden). The Baltic ferry Estonia, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm with some 1,000 passengers and crew on board, sank on September 28, 1994. The Swedish government at first promised to raise the wreck and to spare no cost in finding the cause of the disaster. The ferry was carrying 989 people (186 crew and 803 passengers). Soon following the MS Estonia disaster, rumours started circulating that the vessel was utilised to ferry naval armaments. Evertsson said that it was imperative and essential from a journalistic standpoint to send a camera down to the wreck. The investigation undertaken in 1997 concluded that heavy seas wrenched the bow doors open, which allowed seawater to gush into the lower decks of the vessel. The ship sank within an hour, taking the lives of 852 passengers and crew. What made it headline news around the world was the huge loss of life. The Estonia Agreement 1995, a treaty among Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Den… Paul Barney was on board the MS Estonia when it capsized and sank in the Baltic Sea in 1994 Credit: Hyde News & Pictures Ltd 14 The official story … Most of the passengers were Swedish, although some were of Estonian origin, while most of the crew members … On Wednesday 28th September 1994 at 01:50 (UTC +2) the MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea during a storm, on a routine crossing from the port of Tallinn in Estonia to Stockholm in Sweden. Mausoleum would be a more appropriate word. Estonia departed slightly behind schedule at 19:15 on 27 September and had been expected in Stockholm the next morning at about 09:00. Many of the twentieth century's worst disasters occurred during wartime as a result of military action. In the early hours of 28th September 1994, the MS Estonia, a car, and passenger ferry, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea off Finland’s coast. One of the survivors, Carl Eric Reintamm, said that he was one of the people that believed that the truth of what happened that night is different from what people have been told up to now. Your email address will not be published. The oceangoing passenger and car ferry, the Estonia, was en route from the Estonian capital, Tallinn, to Stockholm when it was stricken and sank … Maritime disasters have haunted humans since we first learned how to arrange objects in a way that let us float atop them. Until now, the countries involved with the disaster, Finland, Sweden, and Estonia, have been very reluctant to re-open the investigation and re-examine the cause of the disaster. MS Estonia‘s sinking simulation. The MS Estonia ferry sank as it was crossing from Tallinn to Stockholm in September 1994, killing 852 people. Now a documentary-maker has discovered an … Shortly after midnight, two concussions rocked the ship. The timing of the voyage was such that turbulent climatic conditions plagued the transiting through the Baltic Sea. Thus though a common thread about the actual causation of the disaster remains that the weather played a major role in destabilising the ship, sources vary in their account of how the vessel started to heel in the Baltic Sea. Nearly twenty-six years later the shipwreck still sits on a shallow sea bed and new evidence has raised questions about what caused it to go down. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. The ship sank within an hour, taking the lives of 852 passengers and crew. Foreign Ministers from the Nordic countries of Sweden, Finland, and Estonia, issued a joint statement this week that they would be assessing the new evidence collected by a television documentary, that may explain the sinking of the MS Estonia in 1994, in which 852 people died. This did not deter the documentary makers, and the director, Henrik Evertsson, along with one of his crew were arrested last September for examining the site. Only 137 people survived the disaster. Many references quote that the negligence of the crewing personnel to shut the doorways at the prow of the ship led to the seepage of water into the main deck of the vessel thus causing the MS Estonia to heel onto her right-hand side (starboard). Even though her impeccable service record was marred fatally and quite abruptly in the end, each of the vessel’s operational routes were extremely popular and in demand. The 12-meter tall rusting frame leans as if it were sinking. With the documentary’s airing, perhaps the truth will finally emerge around the sinking of this vessel. The sinking of the Estonia ro-ro passenger ferry stands out as one of the most disastrous accidents in modern times. 852 people were cla… Alongside several European nations ratified what came to be known as the Estonia Agreement, in the year following the accident. On the 28th of September 1994, The MS Estonia, a cruise ferry operated by Estline, sank while crossing the Baltic Sea on route from Tallinn to Stockholm. . Survivors of the disaster and the relatives of those who died have petitioned for more than 20 years to re-open and expand the investigation into the catastrophe, as they did not accept the official explanation of the doors being wrenched open. Discovery Networks, the makers of the new five-part documentary, titled “Estonia: The Find That Changes Everything,” claim to have found a gaping four-meter-wide hole in the ship’s hull. On the bell four children's faces are sculpted. Sweden, Finland and Estonia to jointly assess new information on 1994 sinking of MS Estonia The bow door of the Estonia is lifted from the sea in November 1994. Thank you, Your email address will not be published. Other information roots about the accident concur that while there was no negligence on the part of the crew professionals, the structure of the vessel was inadequate to enable the vessel to through the perennial harshness of the Baltic climate. The cause of the MS Estonia sinking was also placed on the accidental blow-up of the explosives stored within the ferry’s confines. MS Estonia sank on the evening of September 28, 1994. Many survivors claim they heard a large bang at the time of the accident. Caused by myriad reasons, this Baltic Sea accident was an event so unprecedented that the extent of the damages caused, both to life and to property, is still shocking even after almost 15 years since the disaster occurred. The bodies of these voyagers still lie within the vessel, completely decomposed, as the MS Estonia serves as an unorthodox crematorium. The hole was discovered when the wreck was surveyed for the documentary, using a remote-controlled submarine. The sinking of the ferry vessel MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea marks the second-deadliest peacetime sinking of a European ship, after the Titanic, as well as the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have taken place in European waters. A total of 852 people drowned when the passenger and car ferry MS Estonia sank in Finnish waters in the early hours of September 28, 1994, while en … The tragedy claimed 852 lives and the wreck was declared a … On board the ship were 803 passengers and 186 crew. Virtually everyone knows someone who perished. That is the most plausible explanation for Estonian Margus Kurm, former state prosecutor and head of the government's investigative committee looking into the sinking of the ferry in 2005-2009. A 1997 investigation found that … Heavy gales lashed the vessel, making steerage difficult whilst trying to maintain the speed of the vessel. Air rescuing campaigns were inordinately delayed which meant that only other vessels in the immediate vicinity could come to the aid of the distressed. The MS Estonia sank into the icy Baltic Sea in 1994, descending alongside the evidence of what happened that fateful night where 852 people died. This raises many questions about what happened on that fateful night. As per the terms of this agreement, these nations and their nationals were barred from using the memorial as a underwater diving locale. A joint investigation "Foreign Minister of Estonia Urmas Reinsalu, Foreign Minister of Finland Pekka Haavisto and Foreign Minister of Sweden Ann Linde have agreed that in case of a new significant information on the catastrophe of the M/S Estonia that has not been reported before, Estonia, Finland and Sweden will jointly assess the new information," reads the statement published by the … a crematorium is a place where bodies are cremated/burnt. The official cause of the sinking reported in the original investigation was a sheared-off bow visor which, in the heavy seas, allowed water to flow in and compromise stability.-- The MS Estonia sinking occurred in the year 1994 in the month of September as the vessel was passing through the Baltic Sea from the Estonian province of Tallinn to her intended destination of Stockholm. By the time the first rescuers arrived, however, the Estonia had sunk, stern-first, within just 25 minutes and was lying on the seabed some 280 ft below the cold waters of the Baltic. One explanation suggested in the documentary is that the MS Estonia collided with a submarine, and the hull of the submarine caused the hole to be ripped in the hull of the ferry. The rescue attempts were considerably hampered by the weather turbulence. New evidence emerges in Europe’s worst peacetime maritime disaster - the sinking of MS Estonia in 1994 The passenger ferry MS Estonia in the docks in Tallinn. The Estonia disaster occurred on Wednesday, 28 September 1994, between about 00:55 and 01:50 (UTC+2) as the ship was crossing the Baltic Sea, en route from Tallinn, Estonia, to Stockholm, Sweden. They face up to two years imprisonment in Sweden for the violation of a gravesite, if found guilty. In such a minuscule state, the sinking of the Estonia has been both a big blow to the national ego and an intimate personal tragedy. The ferry sank to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. At the time of the MS Estonia disaster nearly 1,000 people were aboard it, both voyagers and crewing personnel included and only a minuscule proportion of people were managed to be successfully saved from the wreckage of the unfortunate vessel. The sinking of the ferry vessel MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea is an accident that will haunt the maritime domain for long years and even beyond. At the time of the MS Estonia disaster nearly 1,000 people were aboard it, both voyagers and crewing personnel included and only a minuscule proportion of people were managed to be successfully saved from the wreckage of the unfortunate vessel. The sinking of the MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea remains the deadliest peacetime shipwreck in European waters for centuries. Another Article From us: Project ’44 – Mapping the European Theater of Operations. . This inadequacy manifested itself when the prow’s doorways were thrown open, thus causing water to seep into the vessel and fatally destroy it. . MS Estonia disappeared from the radar screens of other ships at around 01:50 EEST in international waters, about 22 nautical miles (41 kilometres) from the Finnish island of Utö. This WW1 Battle was like Something out of a Horror Movie, Live Like a Bond Villain, 3 Remote Napoleonic-Era Forts For Sale, Eleven Military Uniforms That Got Soldiers Killed, French Couple Discovered WWII Cache of Weapons Hidden in Their Home, The Highest-Scoring Female Fighter Ace Ever: The Short but Daring Life of Lydia Litvyak, Exploring the wreck of the Bismarck – and it is in remarkable condition, RIP ‘Wild Geese’ Star and Battle-Hardened Veteran Ian Yule. Did the ship hit a submarine before sinking? I would like to suggest an edit . But then it changed its mind, refusing all pleas from the bereaved relatives to bring the Estonia to the surface, although it sank in shallow waters. Only 137 people survived the disaster. References environmentalgraffiti, unnamedharald, lamiaestonia, Hi The disaster claimed the lives of 852 people, with just 137 rescued. In 1994 MS Estonia cruise ferry sank in the baltic sea, this documentary reveals new information what actually might have happened on that stormy night. Required fields are marked *. Of the 989 on board, only 138 were rescued alive (one of whom died later in hospital). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Source: Der Spiegel/Hamburg Ship Model Basin, Hamburg University of Technology. This podcast was brought to you thanks to the support of readers of The Times and The Sunday Times. This led to her sinking. The area where the Estonia sank, near the island of Uto, was declared a sea grave, and exploration of the wreck was prohibited. Though all communication channels failed immediately following the accident, feeble messages sent by way of the intermittently collapsing radio lines helped in the rescuing operations, however delayed they were. At the time of the incident, the … Apr 8, 2017 - ms estonia was a Swedish ferry known as the viking line that sunk in 1994 after bow visor failure . The sinking of the MS Estonia remains the worst European peacetime maritime disaster, and the second worst maritime disaster involving a European made boat since the Titanic. The sinking of the ferry vessel MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea is an accident that will haunt the maritime domain for long years and even beyond. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Hundreds of people died on the car ferry in 1994. As a preliminary step, thousands of tons of pebbles were dropped on the site, but then, after protest from the survivor families, the idea was abandoned. All the countries were opposed to re-floating the MS Estonia, due to the costs and complex logistics involved with raising such a large vessel, not to mention the large number of bodies trapped in the hull. See more ideas about ms estonia, viking line, estonia. The Estonian, Swedish and Finnish safety investigation authorities have signed a memorandum of understanding which will allow additional investigations into the causes of the sinking of the M/S Estonia ferry, which sunk in 1994 killing 852. On September 28, 1994, 852 people die in one of the worst maritime disasters of the century when the Estonia, a large car-and-passenger ferry, sinks … Reintamm said that he had seen a large, white object in the water at the time of the accident. “MS Estonia serves as an unorthodox crematorium” . They claimed that the vessel would not have sunk as quickly as it did, with the bow doors wrenched open. She was carrying 989 people: 803 passengers and 186 crew. While some fortunate kin were able to receive the lost ones’ bodies from the water’s cold hold, kith of more than half the number of the dead didn’t even get this opportunity. Thanks for this article. Experts interviewed for the documentary told Discovery Networks that the only thing that would account for such a massive hole would be an equally sizeable external force. In the early hours of 28th September 1994, the MS Estonia, a car, and passenger ferry, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea off Finland’s coast. On the northern-most point of the Island of Hiiumaa is a memorial to the 852 victims entombed in the wreckage of the MS Estonia 30 miles to the north. On September 28, 1994, a passenger ferry called the MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea, en route from Tallinn, Estonia to Stockholm, Sweden. Tragedy of the MS Estonia: why did it really sink to the icy depths of the Baltic? However several drawn-out analyses concluded that the vessel was merely a voyager ferry which had encountered an accidental catastrophe in the most unexpected of manner with emotionally debilitating repercussions. 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