The closure of Belmont Airport, commonly referred to as Aeropelican, in the Lake Macquarie suburb of Marks Point has caused Williamtown to become Newcastle's only major airport and residents in the south of the Newcastle metropolitan area must commute up to 55 km (34 mi) by car to reach Williamtown.  The theatre district that occupied the area around what is now the Hunter Street Mall vanished during the 1940s. Below is a list of the shipwrecks off the coast of Kiama, Minnamurra and Gerringong. The airport, which is a joint venture between Newcastle City Council and Port Stephens Council, has experienced rapid growth since 2000 as a result of an increase in low-cost airline operations. In 2007 a memorial plaque was unveiled for the killed pilot.. Part of the Newcastle Workers' Club, a popular venue, was destroyed and later replaced by a new structure.  The Bluebell Collision claimed three lives and fifteen passengers were admitted to the Newcastle Hospital, with two suffering severely from the effects of immersion. The Australian Consul-General for France M. Biard d'Aunet and French Consul for New South Wales Nettement made a special visit to Newcastle to officially recognising the gallant work of the lifeboat crew. His discovery of the area was largely accidental; as he had been sent in search of a number of convicts who had seized a locally-built vessel called Cumberland as she was sailing from Sydney Cove. ... Gowrie NSW’s rich history of helping children unlock their full potential. Assisted immigrants arriving in Sydney and Newcastle 1844-59, Moreton Bay, 1848-59 and Port Phillip 1839-51. Relates to. Nimbin (1052 tons) struck a mine while steaming down the coast from Coffs Harbour and sank almost immediately. ', Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954), 12 March, p. This Guide highlights the key records and available indexes, relating to passengers arriving in New South Wales, 1788-1922. Philip Gidley King, the Governor of New South Wales from 1800, decided on a more positive approach to exploit the now obvious natural resources of the Hunter Valley.  The National Stock Exchange of Australia (formerly Newcastle Stock Exchange) was formerly based in the city. Acknowledgement of Country All shipwrecks over 75 years old are automatically protected from disturbance by the State of NSW Heritage Act 1977 and the Commonwealth Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976. Hier sollte eine Beschreibung angezeigt werden, diese Seite lässt dies jedoch nicht zu. Large projects related to the coal industry helped to propel the Newcastle unemployment rate to 20 year lows and allow the Newcastle region to weather the effects of the late 2000s recession better than NSW as a whole. There are three campuses of the Hunter Institute of TAFE, one located in the Newcastle CBD, one in the suburb of Hamilton East and the other located in the suburb of Tighes Hill. The city previously hosted the Mattara Hillclimb which was held in King Edward Park, and has hosted the F1 Offshore Powerboats in the harbour.  The Port of Newcastle claims to be Australia's first port. Available in the Society of Australian Genealogists MIDAS catalogue - this series (NRS 1289) lists both passengers and crew... Unassisted (or free) passengers who came to Australia at their own expense, including ships' crew and military (check under 'Regiments'). Coal was first exported from the harbour in 1799. Assisted Immigrants (digital) Shipping Lists, Archives Behind the Scenes - Assisted Passenger Lists, Index to letters re migration to NSW, 1838-1857, Mariners and Ships in Australian Waters website, Mini webinar: Unassisted passenger lists online, Webinar: NSW Shipping & Immigration records.  As Australia recovered from the early 1990s recession, the economy of Newcastle did too and the jobless rate rapidly fell. NEW SOUTH WALES SHIPWRECKS Enter here to bring up frames page with book codes if not already loaded. Features of the park include coastal views, a sunken garden and a Victorian rotunda. On 8 June 2007 the Hunter and Central Coast regions were battered by the worst series of storms to hit New South Wales in 30 years. What do pirates, shipwrecks and the great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake have in common? Pacific Coast, NSW & Qld The route. The Wollongbar was torpedoed and sunk on April 29, 1942, six miles off Crescent Head. Four time world champion surfer Mark Richards grew up surfing at Newcastle's Merewether Beach, and is a local icon, appearing at many local functions, and supporting local charities.  Supercar team Novocastrian Motorsport is based in the city. Hunter Valley Buses, Port Stephens Coaches and Rover Coaches also operate services into the CBD from other parts of the Hunter Region. After the train line closure between Hamilton station and Newcastle station and before the opening of the Light Rail, Newcastle Transport buses (Route 110) operated from Hamilton station to Civic and Newcastle stations..  Newcastle High School, which was formed by the merger of three schools, traces its lineage to a secondary school section initially founded on the grounds of Newcastle East Public School. Newcastle is served by a daily tabloid, The Herald (formerly The Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate and then The Newcastle Herald), several weeklies including the Newcastle Star, The Post and the bi-monthly The Hunter Advocate. We’ve found some stand-out hikes in Sydney based on raw beauty, convenience, and seclusion. Relates to. 7, No. Over the next two years, coal mined from the area was the New South Wales colony's first export. The Slingers played one home game at the Centre during the 2006–07 season. You’ll find kelp forests, rocky reefs, sea caves, stunning drop offs and old shipwrecks, as well as an incredible array of fish. As with the unassisted passenger lists, they are not indexed after 1855. From Sydney to Newcastle, drifted on to rocks where she soon broke whilst passing Old Mans Hat, 14 June 1886. New South Wales' coastline is a maze of shipwrecks. We here at the Daily Stormer are opposed to violence. MV Sygna was a Norwegian bulk carrier built by Austin & Pickersgill for J. Ludwig Mowinckels Rederi in 1967. Newcastle Transport operates a ferry service across the Hunter River between Newcastle's CBD and Stockton. Newcastle and the lower Hunter Region were traditionally occupied by the Awabakal and Worimi Aboriginal People, who called the area Malubimba.. Based on Aboriginal language references documented in maps, sketches and geological descriptions, eight landmarks have been officially dual-named by the NSW Geographic Names Board with their traditional Aboriginal names. Winters are generally mild with drier conditions than summer on average. The most common responses for religion in Newcastle were No Religion 31.1%, Catholic 21.7% and Anglican 19.2%.. On the other hand, over 72% of the population travelled by car to and from work. QUEENSLAND SHIPWRECKS, including CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN GREAT BARRIER REEF. Thousands of homes were flooded and many were destroyed. Privately owned and operated to service the A Pit coal mine, it was a cast-iron fishbelly rail on an inclined plane as a gravitational railway.. Major interchanges are located at the University of Newcastle, Wallsend, Glendale, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown Square and Westfield Kotara. During this period, in 1816, the oldest public school in Australia was built in East Newcastle. Until the impressive Stockton bridge was opened in 1971, boat was the only direct and practical way way to get there. In the late-1990s there was intense debate about the future of the rail line into central Newcastle. Some of the sinkings were right on the border with Shellharbour. Image courtesy: Stille, 2007. Both Prime7, NBN News and WIN Television produces short local updates throughout the day to fulfil local content quotas. Within the metropolitan area the car remains the dominant form of transportation. Before you head out guys—please make sure you check NSW National Parks alerts and warnings, and also all current NSW COVID-19 restrictions and advice. Prisoner numbers were reduced to 100 (most of these were employed on the building of the breakwater), and the remaining 900 were sent to Port Macquarie.. At the time of the 2001 Census, less than 4% of the population caught public transport, of which around 2.5% travelled by bus and 1% used the train or ferry to commute to work. Newcastle has one of the oldest theatre districts in Australia. This index covers the names of individuals found in the letters. The coast around Newcastle is littered with hundreds of shipwrecks and the pair of towers built in 1865/1866 helped to increase the safety of vessels entering the Hunter River. Why is it one of the greats? Both teams folded due to financial difficulties. The quality of these first buildings was poor, and only (a much reinforced) breakwater survives. Lebanese migration and settlement in Australia commenced around 1880. Tag: Newcastle – Shipwrecks. , Located at the mouth of the Hunter River, it is the predominant city within the Hunter Region. Identifier USB 2: Thomas H WalteR wreck Norah Head 1982. Any shipwreck in Australia that is 75 years or older is protected by the Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976. The city also played host to 4 games of the 2015 AFC Asian Cup, including the semi-final between Australia and the United Arab Emirates, as well as the 3rd place playoff between the United Arab Emirates and Iraq. On 12 July 1866 a paddle steamer the SS Cawarra, on its way to Brisbane from Newcastle carrying 60 passengers, was caught in a storm as it made its way out of the harbour. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 0.7%, Macedonian 0.5%, Italian 0.4%, Greek 0.3% and Cantonese 0.3%. There were no casualties in the attack and damage was minimal. It ran aground on Stockton Beach in Australia during a major storm in 1974. Since its humble beginnings in 1998, it has become one of the leading arts festivals in Australia dedicated to the work and ideas of communities not included in other major Australian arts festivals. Relates to. This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. This proposal was dropped in 2006. Today it is operated by Downer Rail and along with UGL Rail's Broadmeadow plant, remains active as a locomotive and rolling stock manufacturer and repairer. Over 90 million tonnes of coal is shipped through the facility each year – making it the largest coal exporting port in the world. 10. The Daily British Whig is rapidly being digitized by Digital Kingston from 1850 to 1929. The Langley Brothers pioneered shipping trade between Sydney and the Tweed, operating sailing ships and steam ships from the late 1860s to 1925. Shortland Park, Newcastle, NSW, Australia [c.1900's] This image was scanned from a photograph in the Newcastle and Hunter District Historical Society archives which are held by Cultural Collections at the University of Newcastle, Australia. East coast lows also impact Newcastle, sometimes delivering winds well above 100 km/h (62 mph) and torrential rainfall, usually lasting a couple of days. According to Australian Georgraphic, there are approximately 8,000 registered shipwrecks around the coast of Australia.Some of these wrecks date back as early as the 1600’s, and only a quarter have actually been found. Some had to be demolished, including the large George Hotel in Scott Street (city), the Century Theatre at Broadmeadow, the Hunter Theatre (formerly 'The Star') and the majority of The Junction school at Merewether. The largest factory of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere was constructed in 1885, on an 8.9 ha (22-acre) site between the suburbs of Tighes Hill and Port Waratah, by Charles Upfold, from London, for his Sydney Soap and Candle Company, to replace a smaller factory in Wickham. On 16 August 1966, an RAAF CAC Sabre crashed into the inner city suburb of The Junction. These letters were sent by the Immigration Agent in response to complaints, transport arrangements, advertisements and financial arrangements relating to migration between 1838 and 1857. NSW is a premier destination for diving and snorkelling, with pristine waters filled with myriad corals and marine life. Shipwrecks became a frequent occurrence in some dangerous coastal locations, to address this, colonial authority commenced construction of lighthouses along the coastline. The Newcastle (/ˈnjuːkɑːsəl/ NEW-kah-səl) metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of New South Wales and includes the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie local government areas. Research into crew records can often be difficult as there is no comprehensive index to the nineteenth century crew lists. Wrecked on rocks in a storm at Cape Sandwich between Townsville and Cardwell, 21 March, 1876. We acknowledge the impact colonialism has had on Aboriginal Country and Aboriginal peoples and that this impact continues to be felt today. In general, there are few records relating to crew until 1854. Trips within a designated area of the Newcastle CBD on Newcastle Transport operated bus services are fare-free under the Newcastle Alliance's Free City Buses programme. At the time of the closure and since the closure Newcastle experienced a significant amount of economic diversification which has strengthened the local economy. Newcastle Jockey Club Limited races 35 times annually at Broadmeadow, a spacious 2,000 m (6,562 ft) turf track with a 415 m (1,362 ft) home straight. We seek revolution through the education of the masses. The formation during the nineteenth century of the Newcastle and Hunter River Steamship Company saw the establishment of regular steamship services from Morpeth and Newcastle with Sydney. However, Beaumont Street, Hamilton, where many buildings sustained major damage, became a thriving cosmopolitan restaurant strip after the earthquake and is still going strong today. In the same year, the first shipment of coal was dispatched to Sydney. , Newcastle and the lower Hunter Region were traditionally occupied by the Awabakal and Worimi Aboriginal People, who called the area Malubimba. This index was compiled by Ms Aileen Trinder and Ms Pat Fearnley (formerly Stemp) of Pastkeys. Shepherds Hill also known as Khanterin; Ironbark Creek also known as Toohrnbing and Hexham Swamp also known as Burraghihnbihng. There, convicts were sent to burn oyster shells for making lime. See more ideas about Abandoned ships, Shipwreck, Boat. The earliest records held by NSW State Archives relating to Greek people arriving in NSW are the convict indents for seven sailors from Hydra convicted at Malta in 1828 for piracy and transported for various terms. Only five survived of a crew of thirty-seven. Victoria Theatre on Perkins Street is the oldest purpose-built theatre in the country. Newcastle hosted the final round of the Supercars Championship in 2017.  The English and Australian Copper Company built another substantial works at Broadmeadow circa 1890, and in that decade the Cockle Creek Smelter was built. A "green belt" protecting plant and wildlife flanks the city from the west (Watagan mountains) around to the north where it meets the coast just north of Stockton. Guided snorkelling tours are thus immensely popular in this area, as the wrecks are famed not only for their own interesting hulls but also for the tropical fish, wobbegong sharks, and coral varieties that call them home. You will also find details of ships carrying Australian Agricultural Company servants and immigrants, 1825–1862. This is misleading as the area represented extends well beyond both the City of Newcastle and the Newcastle metropolitan area. 1 - SS Ayrfield (launched as SS Corrimal)  Military rule in Newcastle ended in 1823. It was established in 1951 as a satellite campus of the University of New South Wales and obtained autonomy in 1965. Hunter Street is the main shopping street in the Newcastle CBD and, along with King Street, is one of the major links to the Pacific Highway from the CBD. Newcastle is the second-largest city in New South Wales and the sixth-largest in Australia.  Their soap products won 17 medals at International Exhibitions. The shipping lists from 1854-1922 include the names of the crew members, their position on board and their nationality. Learn about the wonderful resources we hold to help locate the arrival of an ancestor in NSW. This is the film festival where film-makers come together in one place to make a short film in 24 hours. Thanks also to Vera Deacon for her liaison in attaining this important collection. The Hunter Jaegers (Commonwealth Bank Trophy – Netball) were based at the Newcastle Entertainment Centre. Our files contain artificial and natural reefs, buoys, ledges, rocks, shipwrecks, and many other types of structures that hold fish, in a 100 miles radius of Newcastle. Built New Zealand, 1874.  The name first appeared by the commission issued by Governor King on 15 March 1804 to Lieutenant Charles Menzies of the marine detachment on HMS Calcutta, then at Port Jackson, appointing him superintendent of the new settlement. ... bound for Newcastle to load coal for South America. , 83.6% of people in the Newcastle metropolitan area were born in Australia. Search for passengers who paid their own fare and also assisted immigrants. NOTE: Shipwrecks in NSW waters Most of these GPS Readings have been taken using AUS66 as the Map Datum. Newcastle port reported a swell of over 17 meters at the entrance. The members of Silverchair, the highly successful Australian band, hail from Newcastle, as does the Australian band The Screaming Jets.  The Hunter and Central Coast regions were declared natural disaster areas by the State Premier, Morris Iemma, on 8 June 2007. of Planning 1992, Shipwrecks of New South Wales. Marsden, Susan, 'Waterfront alive: life on the waterfront', in C Hunter, ed, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 22:25. It is run annually in July. Shipwrecks off the coast.  It is the hub of the Greater Newcastle area which includes most parts of the local government areas of City of Newcastle, City of Lake Macquarie, City of Cessnock, City of Maitland and Port Stephens Council. Newcastle is often quoted as being the seventh largest city in Australia. Like most major cities, the Newcastle metropolitan area has an extensive system of both road links and road based public transport services (bus, taxi etc.)  A new Newcastle Interchange opened on 15 October 2017. It is known, quite reasonably, as the 'gateway to the Hunter Valley' and certainly is the commercial, administrative and industrial centre of the region. Most were labourers who returned to India once they had completed their contracts. The City of Canada Bay Heritage Society invites you to a talk presented by Betty Candy on The Shipwrecks of Homebush Bay. SHIPWRECKS AND SUBMARINE ATTACKS IN NSW WATERS 1940-1944 Information Sheet - Heritage Branch .  The pilot, Flying Officer Warren William Goddard, experienced engine troubles and unsuccessfully tried to get the plane over the Pacific Ocean. It is the venue for three Group 3 races. Nobbys Beach is a very popular kitesurfing spot, especially during the warm summer months when there are northeasterly sea breezes. The Lock Up is a multidisciplinary contemporary art space located in the inner city and hosts local, national and international artists to exhibit in the historic former Newcastle Police station..  He returned with reports of the deep-water port and the area's abundant coal. The early 1990s recession caused significant job losses across Australia and the Newcastle region experienced a peak unemployment rate of 17% in February 1993, compared to 12.1% in New South Wales and 11.9% across Australia. , The Port of Newcastle remains the economic and trade centre for the resource rich Hunter Valley and for much of the north and northwest of New South Wales. The Newcastle North Stars are Newcastle's representatives in the Australian Ice Hockey League championships. Aboriginal history. We enter them here for interest sake. Today, it’s a great family walk which combines history with scenic views. The next most common countries of birth were England 2.3%, New Zealand 1.0%, China 0.7%, India 0.5% and Philippines 0.4%. In the early hours of 8 June 1942, the Japanese submarine I-21 briefly shelled Newcastle. There are three selective state schools in the area. , The Newcastle Jazz Festival is held across three days in August, and attracts performers and audiences from all over Australia. The Von Bertouch Galleries was a commercial gallery founded by Anne Von Bertouch and exhibited nationally and locally well known artists. In this instalment of Archives Behind the Scenes Emily shows us some assisted passenger lists, in particular the Board's Passenger Lists of arrivals to Sydney that date from 1848 to 1896. Newcastle, like all major Australian urban centres, had a tram system, but it was closed in 1950. The New South Wales government had planned to cut the line at Broadmeadow station, ending rail services into Newcastle station in the city centre to allow better connections between the city and the waterfront precinct. ... Newcastle, NSW, 1875. In general, there are few records relating to crew until 1854. The coast around Newcastle is littered with hundreds of shipwrecks and the pair of towers built in 1865/1866 helped to increase the safety of vessels entering the Hunter River. The Newcastle Jets won the A-League competition in their third season, defeating local rivals the Central Coast Mariners in the grand final. The Sygna was on her maiden voyage, with a load of 50,000 tonnes of … Morpeth, New South Wales is a similar distance north of Newcastle as Morpeth, Northumberland is north of Newcastle upon Tyne. This imposing Anglican cathedral dominates Newcastle’s skyline. In 1911, BHP (Broken Hill Propriety) chose the city as the site for its steelworks due to the abundance of coal. Thirty-three of her complement of forty reached safety but the remainder were either drowned or crushed between the steamer and the rocks. Transcripts of the Shipping Master's Office Inwards Passengers Lists, each of which includes Crew names, in some cases includes their on board position and place of... A snapshot of how to use digital shipping lists. These are only two events in Newcastle's very long history of shipwrecks including the 1974 beaching of the MV Sygna, and the 2007 beaching of the MV Pasha Bulker. Precipitation is heaviest in late autumn and early winter, while the second half of the year is slightly drier on average. , In September 1797 Lieutenant John Shortland became the first European settler to explore the area. Newcastle hosts the annual surfing contest 'Surfest' on the world professional surfing tour. During May 1974 the NSW coast was being battered by large storms which brought heavy swells to both Sydney and Newcastle ports. The city's main provider of tertiary education is the University of Newcastle. After removal of the last convicts in 1823, the town was freed from the infamous influence of the penal law. Lugger, wooden. Newcastle has an abundance of beaches and surf breaks for which the city is internationally well known. Favoured. Hunter Stadium hosted the 2016 Anzac Test between Australia and New Zealand. During the 19 th and early 20 th centuries, many ships were shipwrecked as they tried to navigate entry in Newcastle Harbour. Newcastle once had rail passenger services to Belmont and Toronto, on Lake Macquarie, Wallsend, Kurri Kurri and several towns and villages between Maitland and Cessnock on the South Maitland Railway, but these lines have been closed. A bid for Newcastle to establish a 2012 team in the national Twenty20 competition the Big Bash League, with games played at either Hunter Stadium or No.1 Sports Ground was unsuccessful.. The first time the number of Italian born immigrants in NSW was reported was in the 1871 Census, when 772 Italians were recorded. Famous shipwrecks in NSW Hive (1820–1836) Driven ashore by her Master Captain Nutting in 1835, the Hive represents the only convict transport wrecked on mainland Australia whilst actually delivering convicts. As Mayfield and the suburbs surrounding the steelworks declined in popularity because of pollution, the steelworks thrived, becoming the region's largest employer. It was later found that the ferry captain was at fault.. Subject "Colonist" Newcastle, NSW Coastal shipping Nobby's Whibayganba Shipwrecks Date 1894. For the, Examples of domestic architecture in Newcastle, June 2007 Hunter Region and Central Coast storms, Newcastle and Hunter River Steamship Company, Walsh Island Dockyard and Engineering Works, Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service, List of suburbs in Greater Newcastle, New South Wales, "Newcastle (NSW) Urban Centre/Locality map", "Newcastle (NSW) Statistical District map", New South Wales Division of Local Government, "Port of Newcastle coal exports slip by more than one percent in 2017", http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/image/0007/96847/20758.gif, "Dual naming – Geographical Names Board of NSW", Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, "Newcastle shelled by a Japanese submarine", "Green groups block world's largest coal export terminal", "The People's Blockade of the World's Biggest Coal Port", "Defence forum to focus on Newcastle ship building", "Bolton Street Car Park Facade & Side Wall", "Enterprise Park and Coutt's Sailors Home (former)", "Royal Newcastle Hospital – The Club Building", "Shepherds Hill Defence Group Military Installations", Uncovering and understanding Australia's First Railway, Conference Paper, Campbell, D., Brougham, J. and Caldwell, R., Australian Journal of Multi-disciplinary Engineering, Vol. Digital Collections - Pictures - Close, E. C. (Edward Charles), 1790-1866 Sketchbook of scenes of Sydney, Broken Bay, Newcastle and region, New South Wales, 1817-1840 [picture] Maitland Nsw Newcastle Old Photos Australia History Image Old Pictures Historia Old Photographs All operations had closed by the early 1960s. In 1999, the steelworks closed after 84 years operation and had employed about 50,000 in its existence, many for decades. In March is the 1400 metre Newcastle Newmarket Handicap and in September the 1400 metre Cameron Handicap and the 2300 metre Newcastle Gold Cup. New research dives into corrosion on ocean floor ... infrastructure corroding on the ocean floor are the subject of a new research project at the University of Newcastle.  Newcastle and Hunter Rugby Union is the main body overseeing the sport in the region. John Newcombe's search will propel him back to a pivotal time in NSW when the penal colony was transforming into a democracy. There you’ll see remnants of shipwrecks. To see reminders of Newcastle’s maritime history, take your kids for a walk along the Shipwreck Walk in Stockton.  They include Nobbys Head also known as Whibayganba; Flagstaff Hill also known as Tahlbihn; Pirate Point also known as Burrabihngarn; Port Hunter also known as Yohaaba; Hunter River (South Channel) also known as Coquun; The wreck lies buried under sand in the surf zone of Wreck Bay, south of Jervis Bay, and was discovered by the Heritage Branch in 1994. A Walk along the coastline Italians were recorded heavy industry passed when the works. Only takes students by audition shells for making lime 102 ] [ 103 [! 1951 as a place of secondary punishment for unruly convicts... View Post convicts were transported to New South.. Quality of these first buildings was poor, and seclusion Rugby Union is 1400! Campus is the oldest public school, a popular venue, was destroyed and later replaced by a structure... 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